cumin farming crop cultivation
India accounts for a significant amount of spices traded worldwide with cumin as a top contender. It is regarded as an important spice because of its culinary and medicinal value.
Cumin farming crop cultivation is done in India towards the end of the year in November. To grow the tree, plant the seed 3 kg per acre at 25 cm rows at a distance of 10 to 15 cm between plants.
Before we go into other aspects of the herbaceous plant let’s us look at what exactly is cumin.
What is cumin?
Cumin is the dried seed of the herb Cuminum cyminum, it is a flowering plant and a member of the parsley family. Used in many traditional medicine the seeds reach maturity in 120 days at a yield of 6 quintal’s per acre.
The plant grows 40 cm tall with each branch having 2 to 3 sub branches. It bares small white or pink flowers, and harvesting is done with a threshing machine or manual stem beating on the floor.
Things to consider in cumin farming crop cultivation
Things to consider before farming cumin are purchase of top quality seeds, acre of land, weather conditions, soil fertility, mechanized farming, labor. Others include irrigation, plant protection from pest or diseases, land preparation, cost of seeds, cost of manure, fertilizer, miscellaneous.
Things to consider cumin cultivation
- Purchase of top quality seeds
- Acre of farm lland
- Weather conditions
- Soil fertility
- Mechanized farming
- Labor costs
- Plant protection from pest or diseases
- Land preparation
- Cost of seeds
- Cost of manure, fertilizer
Uses of cumin
It is used widely by herbal practitioners to treat various ailments, from loss of appetite, digestive issues, diarrhea, abdominal problems, vomiting. Non medicinal uses are ingredient in traditional bread, ingredient in some chilli powder, cheese or flavor in commercial grade products.
- Loss of appetite
- Digestive issues
- Abdominal problems
- Traditional bread
- ngredient in some chilli powder
- Ingredient in some cheese
- Flavor in commercial grade products
Commercial cumin seeds
Cumin farming crop cultivation requires improved seeds for best results. Top quality seeds include GC-1 to GC-4, RZ +223, RZ -209, RZ – 345 and RZ-19.
Pest and disease
Common pests or diseases that affect cumin are aphids, and thrips.
Soil and climate
Best soil for cumin farming crop cultivation is soil rich in organic matter. Plant in sandy loamy soil, cool weather devoid of frost. Make sure to sow the seeds at least 1 cm to 1.2cm depth, avoid depths exceeding 1.3cm.
Best yields are achieved with rich organic fertilizer NPK 12. 8 kg per acre and compost 2 tons per acre. First irrigation is after sowing the seeds and next 10 days after germination and subsequent 25 days interval. To water the plants install a sprinkler system.
Is cumin farming profitable?
Different variables determine the cost of production and profit margin. Things to consider are variety of the seed, land mass, weather conditions, soil fertility, pests and diseases. It is possible to make Rs 30,000 per acre at a rate of 1kg cumin seeds Rs 1.4 per kg.
Cumin seed processing
Cumin seed is an ingredient in many essential oils or cumin powder. Cumin processing involves drying, steam distillation, oil extraction depending on the variety and type of end product.