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A Beginners Guide to Organic Poultry Farming

livestock farming

organic poultry: Crop cultivation and organic poultry production are complementary. The birds are kept free range or caged according to set laws and guidelines. The product attracts premium price in the market and is applicable full or part time.

Things to consider before starting are properly managed farmland with natural vegetation. The property should be fenced, suitable for organic production with natural clean water. The birds are specially selected and feed appropriate nutrients.

chickensAdvantages of Organic poultry Farming

There are many advantages derived from organic farming. Some include reduction of chemical use, low investment and production of organic products. The system offer free range high quality birds that sell at premium prices.

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Advantages

  • Reduction of chemical use
  • Low investment
  • Production of organic products
  • High quality birds
  • Premium prices

Organic Cleaning Products

Organic farming requires only organic substances that are bio-degradable. Common products are water, steam, natural plant essence and sodium carbonate. Others are alcohol, formaldehyde, milk, lime, hydrogen peroxide.

  • Bio-degradable products
  • Water
  • Steam
  • Natural plant essence
  • Sodium carbonate
  • Alcohol
  • Formaldehyde
  • Milk
  • Lime

Transporting Organic Poultry

The birds attract premium price in the market. They are usually free range and feed natural ingredients. The health and welfare of the birds is paramount. This is to provide a stress free environment and avoid discomfort and stress.

Only well-fed healthy bird are transported with proper management. Carefully monitor the birds, handle with care. There are laws guide space management, appropriate temperature, tranquilizer.

Slaughter

The birds are slaughtered in the most humane way. They should have attained a minimum age, weight prescribed by law. The birds should undergo minimum stress while cleaning should follow organic protocols.

Packaging includes proper standardization, labeling and product description. The label should have name of farm, location, address and phone number. This is a good marketing tool for organic farmers. Slaughtering include proper disinfection, washing, and packaging.

  • Attained a minimum age
  • Weight
  • Minimum stress
  • Cleaning
  • Packaging
  • Proper standardization
  • Labeling
  • Product description

Waste Management

The waste management of organic poultry farm requires proper disposal techniques. Harmful material are properly disposed through burning, gathering and cleaning.

Proper handling and storage is essential. The farmer should remove surface waste water, nitrates and phosphates from the environment.

Breeding

The organic farmer needs to follow strict breeding laws guiding the enterprise. The requirements focus on space management, feeding and animal health.

Every aspect should be natural, natural without any artificial stimulants or genetic material. Moderate use of hormonal techniques are allowed including trimming and corrective treatment.

Healthcare Management

To produce high quality poultry you need good healthcare management system. This should focus on disease prevention, fat to body ratio and disease control. Breed selection is essential for optimal production.

The food is closely monitored, proper sanitation and regular medical care. Only vaccines approved by organic council are allowed. Growth stimulants are not allowed however moderate hormonal treatment are permitted in some demography.

Feed Management

There are three types of feed appropriate for organic farming. You have free range feed, mash or pellets. Feed them natural vegetable, fruits, seeds.

Make sure the food is organic and certified by organic council. Organic substances such as colorants, anti-oxidants, preservatives, surfactants and flavors are permitted. The farmer is not permitted to use growth hormones, antibiotics or synthetic material.

Housing the Poultry

The birds are free range or appropriate housing is provided. The birds are cage with certain space provisions, ventilation and strict feeding regimen.

Free range poultry are fenced need a good water source and fair weather. The bedding should be organic, sufficient sun and clean environment. If you wish to cage them visit the organic council in your area for caging specifications.

Record Keeping

It is mandatory to keep proper records of organic farming. The records are product data, breed, parental stock, breeding details. Others are feeding regimen, medication, vaccination, farm management and sales record.

Type of Record Kept

  • Product data
  • Breed
  • Parental stock
  • Breeding details
  • Feeding regimen
  • Medication
  • Weight
  • Vaccination
  • Farm management
  • Sales record

Sourcing the Birds

The parent stock or breed is very important to organic farming. The farmer should comply with strict rules guiding the enterprise. Choose hardy stock that are natural to the geographical location. Buy your stock from certified organic breeders and obtain certificate.

Sales

There is much demand for organic products. They attract good price and certified more healthy consumables. Sell your products in supermarkets, grocery stores, frozen food stores. Use print, electronic media, radio and web to attract patronage.

More on Organic Poultry

Organic poultry production is still at infant stage in Europe. Organic meat, layer egg producers and most organic farms are small hold enterprise. There are many technical, financial and marketing constraints that affect the development of the industry.

Things to consider things to consider are land based system, livestock management, health management, sourcing stock, land, funding, husing

Organic Poultry standards

Organic poultry production requires technical knowledge, financing and certification. The enterprise is aimed at development of table meat and organic eggs for the open market. Full organic standards are required for free-range or entry producers to establish their farms.

Legislations

The industry is highly regulated production standards and legislations guide the enterprise. The code of practice covers a wide range of activities. There are regulations on hygiene, poultry marketing, and codes of practice. Others are how the birds are killed, feed and animal welfare.

Production system and management

Production system, management involves breed sustainability, sourcing, housing and land. Others include sourcing organically produced ingredients and meeting protein requirements of the bird. More include animal welfare, disease control, and medication. Finally producers need appropriate slaughter and processing facility.

Organic Poultry Production and management

  1. Breed sustainability
  2. Sourcing
  3. Housing
  4. Land
  5. Sourcing organically produced ingredients
  6. Protein requirements of the bird
  7. Animal welfare
  8. Disease control
  9. Medication
  10. Appropriate slaughter
  11. Accredited processing facility

Sourcing

Sourcing the right breed for sustainable organic poultry production is a serious. Challenge include sustainability finding organic hatcheries or appropriate free-range land.

Funding

Most organic poultry production are small farms. Cost consideration include sourcing the hens, purchasing natural ingredients, farm management. Secure funds through target savings or borrow from friends and family. Other sources are bank loans, partnership arrangement or venture capitalists.

  • bank loans
  • partnership arrangement
  • venture capitalists
  • crowd funding
  • personal savings

Marketing

The demand for organic eggs/meat is high. Table bird produced under these conditions attract premium price.

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