How to plant Abiu fruit tree. Abiu is a translucent flesh, bright yellow delicious tasting fruit. The delicacy grows abundantly in tropical climates and warn regions.
Popular in Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, Peru, Hawaii. The fruit is eaten fresh by cutting into half and scooping the flesh with a spoon. It has a vanilla, caramel and sweetish taste with an oblong seed.
Abiu Tree Plant Specification
- Grows in Subtropical Tropical Climate
- Propagated or grown through seedlings
- Maximum height at maturity 2 to 5m
- Requires lots of sunlight 80%
- Moderate watering
- Fruits from 4 to 5 years
- Drained soil, sandy clay loam
- Soil PH level 6 to 7
- Evergreen leaves
- Green fruits become yellow, golden yellow overripe.
- Fruit and harvesting months February to October
The health benefits include eye health, antimicrobial activity and vitamin B3. Others are reduction of respiratory diseases like cough, pulmonary afflictions and bronchitis. It also reduces digestive health issues.
- eye health
- antimicrobial activity
- vitamin B3
- reduction cough
- pulmonary afflictions
- reduces digestive health issues
- start an onion farm
The fruit has a translucent pulp, seeds covered with a very thin layer of adherent pulp. The Mature tree can manage 200 to 1000 fruits a year. The taste is delicious with a hint of caramel, vanilla and pineapple.
The fruit is consumed fresh an ingredient in yogurt and ice cream products. When unripe it is green, bright yellow color when ripe, golden yellow when overripe. The skin has a residual latex texture and leathery feel.
Pests and Diseases
The trees, fruits are susceptible to different pests. The pests cause serious damage to fruits, leaves and tree. Common pests are fruit flies, spotted bugs, thrips, peach moth larvae and piercing moths.
- Fruit flies
- Spotted bugs
- Peach moth larvae
- Piercing moths.
Varieties of Abiu
Top producers of the fruit are found in Queensland and the Northern Territory. Those with high quality that produce large fruits are the T31, T25, Z4 and Z2. The best fruits with amazing taste and flavor are the Z3, Z1 and Z2.
Others are Z3 while some have excellent recovery time, full flesh like the Z2 and Z3. The different cultivars of Abiu are Z4, Z3, Z2, Z1 and gray others are Inca Gold, Cape Oasis, T25 and T31.
Types of Abiu Fruit
- Inca Gold
- Cape Oasis
How to Grow Abiu in a Pot
Fill a large pot with a little fertilizer, soil and compost. Then bury seed 2 inches and water immediately. The pot should have good drainage holes and water regularly. The seeds will germinate in 14 days and could reach 4 feet in 6 months.
The seeds extracted from the fruit lives a relatively short time and dies within 2 days. Therefore planting is imperative after extracting the seed. Use a foliar nutrient rich spray, regular fertilizer and plant in polybag or pot.
The fruit is planted close to the top soil and germination occurs within 12 days. It takes about nine months to attain 35 cm so transplant to field at 35 to 40 cm. Use deep ripping for compacted soil, provide good irrigation to improve soil drainage.
Waterlogged areas is detriment to the growth of the plant so adequate undersurface drainage is essential. Windy or wet tropical areas should use windbreakers to limit exposure to heavy winds. The trees grow large and might require at least 24 feet from each tree.
The tree requires lots of sunlight to flourish. Make sure the site is devoid of competing trees, structures, power lines or buildings. Areas prone to flooding should be avoided but provide drainage system for wet soil.
The tree is very adaptable and you can plant in sandy, rocky or mound of native soil. To plant on sandy soil make the hole thrice the size of the flowering container. Dig the hole and add compost or native soil before removing from container and planting.
Back fill to cover the hole, tap slightly and water the plant. Stack when applicable to add support but use natural fiber string to avoid damaging the trunk. Don’t forget to remove grass sold from the field.
Mounding is necessary if the site is prone to occasional flooding. While Rockland soil requires a digging bar to separate the rocky surface. Water new plants every day for a month and irrigate 4 to 5year trees for better productivity.
The amount of water requirement depends on the soil composition, geographical location and weather condition. Prune to remove poorly located upright limbs and maintain a grass free area. Mulch to retail moisture in soil
The location should have high humidity and temperature from 20C to 35C. The average rainfall should be around 2500 mm per annum and altitudes not exceeding 500m. The trees are perfectly adapted to subtropical, humid tropical regions and grow in wide variety of soil.
The alkaline soil should not exceed 7.5PH, requires good drainage soil, clay loamy to sandy soil. Adequate soil moisture, regulate watering and sunlight is essential for quick growth and development. Using supplementary irrigation during dry season is necessary for more bountiful fruits.
The soil quality and depth dictates the tree density. Introduce compost, manure or chicken manure 36 weeks before planting. Make sure the site has adequate sunlight and plant 5 m in a row and 10 m between rows.
Although grafting produces desirable spices it is not a general practice. The main technique used in commercial production is seedling trees. The application of fertilizer per each year are 500g first year, 1,200g second, 2000g.
They constitute are cured animal manure, superphosphate and dolomite. A fertilizer comprising 12N:12P:17K:2Mg+TE i. Bearing trees require an addition of trace elements like iron 1g/l, solubor 1g/l and zinc 1g/L
Weeding is necessary to remove competing plants. Young trees are pruned by removing broken branches, diseased or dead parts.
A 3m high trunk with 1m branches provides easier harvesting and maintenance. Vigorous regeneration requires removal of dry panicles, suckers and ripe fruits.
A color change of the fruit from green to yellow indicates ripeness. The edible fruit is then picked however continues to ripen. Make sure they are handpicked before they turn deep gold yellow because at this stage they are overripe.
Full ripeness occurs within 4 days and the skin are susceptible to damage if not handled carefully. Harvest 3 months after fruit set with yield variables of 9 kg to 189 kg, 3 to 10 year old trees.
The fruits are graded by size quality, ripeness. They are washed and packed in crates, cardboards or polystyrene. Include labeling with information on farm, harvest date and other important information.