Agriculture drones are unmanned UAV vehicles used in different commercial or private applications. The use of unmanned aerial vehicles is protected under FAA regulations with laws for commercial use. However hobbyist or recreational drones under 55 ibs have certain guidelines.
Why use agricultural drones?
The technology is safer and more efficient. A proven solution in data collection, aerial survey, aerial seeding, geographical data collection. Used to scout vast lands for crop thieves, reduce fertilizer wastage. They boost crop production by 10% – 20%, good crop monitoring.
- technology is safer
- more efficient
- proven solution in data collection
- aerial survey
- aerial seeding
- geographical data collection
- scout vast lands for crop thieves
- reduce fertilizer wastage
- boost crop production by 10% – 20%
- crop monitoring
Types of drone
Classification of drones are easily made based on aerial performance. There are 4 main types the single rotor wing drone, fixed wing hybrid, multi rotor drones and fixed wing drones.
- single rotor wing drone
- fixed wing hybrid
- multi rotor drones
- fixed wing drones
Types of agricultural drones
Types of agricultural drones are MicaSense RedEdge-MX (sensor) and Parrot Sequoia. Others are eBee SQ (advanced agricultural drone).
- MicaSense RedEdge-MX(sensor)
- Parrot Sequoia
- eBee SQ( advanced agricultural drone
Uses of agriculture drones
Unmanned aerial vehicle are used in many ways. They are perfect for scientific research, surveillance, digital imagery of landscape. Others are spraying of field against pests/diseases planting seedlings or monitor crops.
Popular uses under FAA regulations are geological survey, agriculture through remote sensing. Remote sensing includes heat detection, crop density, health of plant, crop height.
They are perfect for commercial aerial surveillance like livestock monitor, infrastructure. More commercial applications involve motion picture making, oil, gas exploration and recreational use, real estate development and disaster relief.
- heat detection
- crop density
- health of plant
- crop height
- livestock monitor
- scientific research
- digital imagery of landscape
- spraying of field against pests/diseases
- planting seedlings
- Monitor of crops.
- geological survey
- motion picture making
- oil and gas exploration
- real estate development
- disaster relief
Price of drones
A multiple rotor drone which is the most common is about $200 – $3000. Multi-rotor includes 4 rotors quad-copter, 8 rotor octocopter, 3 rotor tri-copter and 6 rotor hexa-copter. Fixed wing use guide controls and fly in a forward moving action.
They are able to fly for several hours and pilots do not need any special training. A single rotor is sold from $100 – $400 depending on the technology. Best agriculture drones are PHX Complete System,eBee SQ, Matrice 22v2.
A drone pilot is required to have sufficient training and certification. There are training classes that offer unhands training including education on flight mission, practices, legislature, compliance, software regulations, safety, software and management of flight operations.
General Drone License and permits
Federal drone laws differ from one country to the next. Same applies for states, counties and regions of the world. We will focus on laws pertaining to drones in New York, US.
To obtain commercial pilot licensing for business or work purposes a pilot needs to pass FAA Aeronautical knowledge test as required in part 107 small UAS rule. If the person is a government employee they are required to have certification by the authorities. There are strict ban of drones within the city limits. Launching or landing a craft in designated areas require a permit.
Robotic Drone Vehicles Business Ideas
There are different types of unmanned robotic drone vehicles Business to consider. They are segmented into unmanned combat aerial vehicles, unmanned aerial vehicles and unmanned spacecraft’s.
We have the unmanned ground vehicles (UGV), unmanned Surface vehicles (USV). More are automated underwater vehicles (AUV), unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). We have the unmanned spacecraft (USV) and unmanned combat aerial vehicles (UCAV).
There is huge opportunities for drone operators. Hire them to farmers, surveyors, real estate developers, photographers. Use them for aerial surveillance, mapping. Videographers use drones for music videos, aerial shots, wedding events, movies.
They are perfect for spray farming to control pest control in the fields or seeding. A novelty idea is drone delivery others are coaching, renting, and security or leisure activity. Use them to map isolated locations, boarder or in war situation. They are ideal for nature photography, underwater photography
Opportunities in the Drone Industry
- real estate developers
- aerial surveillance
- music videos
- aerial shots
- wedding events
- make movies
- pest control
- drone delivery
- leisure activity
- war situation
Types of Robotic Vehicles
- Un-manned Ground vehicles (UGV)
- Un-manned Surface vehicles (USV)
- Automated underwater vehicles (AUV)
- Un-manned Aerial vehicles (UAV)
- Un-manned Spacecraft (USV)
- Un-manned Combat aerial vehicles (UCAV).
Types of Aerial Vehicles
When talking about drones most individual refer to unmanned aerial vehicles. UAVs have aerial capacity and are manned remotely. The most commonly referred to unmanned aerial are remotely manned vehicles.
They have different capacities, manned or remote, size, function, design. They have different capability like GPS devices, remote cameras or farming activity.
UAV Drones Categories
UAV drone categories are based on size, range, fixed winged or propeller. Categories of propeller powered unmanned aerial vehicles are fixed wing drones, tricopter. More include hexacopter, single rotor drone, quadcopter, octocopter.
- fixed winged
- propeller powered unmanned aerial vehicles
- fixed wing drones
- single rotor drone
UAVs Categorized (Range) and sizes
Most times the range of the vehicle determines type of UAVs. Short drone range is from 50km-150km flight hours max 36 hours. While log range drones will travel 650km – 3000feet. Different sizes are applicable to UAVs from large, medium, very small or mini-drones.