Agriculture drones are unmanned UAV vehicles used in different commercial or private applications. The use of unmanned aerial vehicles is protected under FAA regulations with laws for commercial use. However hobbyist or recreational drones under 55 ibs have certain guidelines.
Why use agricultural drones?
The technology is safer and more efficient. A proven solution in data collection, aerial survey, aerial seeding, geographical data collection. Used to scout vast lands for crop thieves, reduce fertilizer wastage. They boost crop production by 10% – 20%, good crop monitoring.
- technology is safer
- more efficient
- proven solution in data collection
- aerial survey
- aerial seeding
- geographical data collection
- scout vast lands for crop thieves
- reduce fertilizer wastage
- boost crop production by 10% – 20%
- crop monitoring
Types of drone
Classification of drones are easily made based on aerial performance. There are 4 main types the single rotor wing drone, fixed wing hybrid, multi rotor drones and fixed wing drones.
- single rotor wing drone
- fixed wing hybrid
- multi rotor drones
- fixed wing drones
Types of agricultural drones
Types of agricultural drones are MicaSense RedEdge-MX (sensor) and Parrot Sequoia. Others are eBee SQ (advanced agricultural drone).
- MicaSense RedEdge-MX(sensor)
- Parrot Sequoia
- eBee SQ( advanced agricultural drone
Uses of agriculture drones
Unmanned aerial vehicle are used in many ways. They are perfect for scientific research, surveillance, digital imagery of landscape. Others are spraying of field against pests/diseases planting seedlings or monitor crops.
Popular uses under FAA regulations are geological survey, agriculture through remote sensing. Remote sensing includes heat detection, crop density, health of plant, crop height.
They are perfect for commercial aerial surveillance like livestock monitor, infrastructure. More commercial applications involve motion picture making, oil, gas exploration and recreational use, real estate development and disaster relief.
- heat detection
- crop density
- health of plant
- crop height
- livestock monitor
- scientific research
- digital imagery of landscape
- spraying of field against pests/diseases
- planting seedlings
- Monitor of crops.
- geological survey
- motion picture making
- oil and gas exploration
- real estate development
- disaster relief
Price of drones
A multiple rotor drone which is the most common is about $200 – $3000. Multi-rotor includes 4 rotors quad-copter, 8 rotor octocopter, 3 rotor tri-copter and 6 rotor hexa-copter. Fixed wing use guide controls and fly in a forward moving action.
They are able to fly for several hours and pilots do not need any special training. A single rotor is sold from $100 – $400 depending on the technology. Best agriculture drones are PHX Complete System,eBee SQ, Matrice 22v2.
A drone pilot is required to have sufficient training and certification. There are training classes that offer unhands training including education on flight mission, practices, legislature, compliance, software regulations, safety, software and management of flight operations.
General Drone License and permits
Federal drone laws differ from one country to the next. Same applies for states, counties and regions of the world. We will focus on laws pertaining to drones in New York, US.
To obtain commercial pilot licensing for business or work purposes a pilot needs to pass FAA Aeronautical knowledge test as required in part 107 small UAS rule. If the person is a government employee they are required to have certification by the authorities. There are strict ban of drones within the city limits. Launching or landing a craft in designated areas require a permit.