Sat. Jun 25th, 2022
cattle feeding

Animal Feed Plant

An animal feed plant is a machinery that produces feed for different types of animals. Produce include both mesh feed and pellet feed production perfect for livestock like pigs, goat, cattle, and poultry. Common pellet sizes range from 2mm to 12 mm. Average capacity for small to mid scale machinery has a plant capacity of 1tph to 20 tph.

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Animal Feed Plant
poultry feed

Advantages of animal feed plant

Major advantage of animal feed plant is production of quality feed for livestock. Medium or small scale plant is capable of regular production of the produce. Animal Feed Plant are cost effective and produce both pellet and mesh feed. Perfect for different livestock like pig, goat, cattle and poultry.

Complete Animal feed Plant

A complete animal feed plant consists of different machinery with specific functions. Complete animal feed plant has a feed screening machine, feed cooling machine and hammer feed mill. Others are feed auxiliary equipment, electric control system and ring die feed pellet machine.

Animal Feed Plant Equipment

  1. Feed screening machine
  2. Feed cooling machine
  3. Hammer feed mill
  4. Feed auxiliary equipment
  5. Electric control system
  6. Ring die feed pellet machine.

Animal feed formula

Depending on the livestock the animal feed formula has general ingredients. Common ingredients in animal feed are legume, hay, green cut feed, carrot, beet, distiller grains. Others are corn silage, soybean meal, and salt. More ingredients are baking soda, wheat bran, bone meal and corn.

General ingredients in animal feed

  1. Legume.
  2. Hay
  3. Green cut feed
  4. Carrot
  5. Beet
  6. Distiller grains
  7. Corn silage
  8. Soybean meal
  9. Salt
  10. Baking soda
  11. Wheat bran
  12. Bone meal and corn.

Material flow in feed production

There are different stages in the material flow in feed production. Stages start from harvesting then receiving next processing, packaging, storage and distribution.


Methods for mixing ingredients are consistent over the years. Methods include manual mixing, mechanized or the modern continuous mixing.

Receiving the raw materials

Raw materials are grains or liquid based depending on type of feed. Raw materials are stored in sacs, containers or barrels. Foreign material is removed with aid of scalper and stored in dry place.


Material flow starts with grain particles of same size or gradient. It goes through hammer mill, premixing, mixing, steam treatment, pelleting. Micronutrients live vitamins are premixed and added during the production process.


Packaging of pellet livestock feed are according to size in millimeters. Common package are containers or sacs.


Distribution is done through wholesalers and retailers. Wholesalers purchase from the manufacturer and sell to retailers, who sell directly to the farmer.

By Femi

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