Beginners Guide to Container Gardening

Container gardening is a farming technique used to grow plants in a controlled space. It is widely practiced in urban areas due to space constraint. The practice offers many advantages such as elimination of soil-borne diseases and proper weed management.

It is easy to regulate soil compositions, temperature and watering. A gardener interested in container gardening has a few things to consider. The first is type of plant, suitable container, drainage, irrigation system, and sun. Small containers are easily moved while large ones should be strategically placed.

Things to Consider

1Type of container

2 Type of plant

3 Where to place the container

4 Soil composition

5 Drainage

6 Irrigation system

7 Sun

8 Ph level

9 When to re-box

container gardeningAdvantages of Container Gardening

The major advantage of container gardening is reduction of weed associated problems. Others include proper soil, water and drainage management.

It reduces the prevalence of soil- borne diseases and offers good control of temperature, soil nutrients. The pots are pleasing to the eye and adds beauty to the environment.

Advantages

  • Reduction of weed associated problems
  • Provides proper soil management
  • Good water management
  • Adequate drainage
  • Reduces Soil- borne diseases
  • Offers good control of temperature
  • Adds beauty to the environment

Types of Container

There are different types of container used in the growing process. They are window boxes, pots, wooden boxes, terracotta pots.  Others less popular ones are plastic or in extreme cases shipping containers.

Mid-sized plants or trees with shallow roots are grown in large containers while smaller boxes can accommodate flowers and shrubs. Window boxes are used for ornamental plants and flowers.

Some are used primarily for nursery plants and type of container depends on the person’s objective. A house with limited space, pavement stones or hard surfaces can use containers to grow houseplants.

Containers

  • Window boxes
  • Pots
  • Wooden boxes
  • Terracotta pots
  • Plastic containers
  • Shipping container
  • Flower pot

Planting

The method involves selecting a container suitable for the plant. Common containers are box, plastic, pots. The system is ideal for apartments, houses with limited space, urban locations, porches and rooftops.

The potting material should have drainage holes, prevent root rot and is properly aerated. There should be a manual or automatic watering irrigation system.

To plant make sure the soil consistency is appropriate for the plant. Other consideration includes PH level, area with adequate sun.

Re-boxing

Re-boxing depends on the gardener’s objective. With proper selection of container and plant this step is not necessary. However plants with roots that have outgrown compartment require re-potting.

Repotting is the process of placing an already established plant from a smaller container to a larger one. Make sure the larger pot has enough space to fit the root system and offer space for growth. To prevent root bound plant and encourage bountiful growth re-pot every few years.

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