Sat. Jun 25th, 2022

Biscuit Making Business

Biscuit making business is very lucrative and highly competitive. There are many players in the industry with huge budgets. However the industry is dynamic enough to accommodate small scale enterprise. Before starting the project there are a few things to consider.

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Things to Consider

Biscuit manufacturing is part of the food and baking industry. Small scale involves local distribution of product while large scale is national or international sales.

Things to consider in biscuit making business is startup cost, equipment, sourcing raw material. Others are business plan, feasibility study, licensing, labor and marketing.

Biscuit Making Business

  1. Startup cost
  2. Baking equipment
  3. Sourcing raw material
  4. Licensing
  5. Transportation
  6. Branding
  7. Labor
  8. marketing
Biscuit Making Business

How to Start Small Scale Biscuit Manufacturing Business

Write a Business Plan

The first step is to write a biscuit manufacturing business plan and feasibility study. Then focus expected growth, financial consideration, product pricing. Others include quality control, putting in place an effective marketing strategy.

Land and Factory

A small scale business is practicable from home in a dedicated kitchen. However large/medium enterprise require a factory or industrial kitchen. Find a suitable location with adequately utility, gas and storage area.


Labor requirements include machine operators or bakers. A large operation needs receptionist, marketers and drivers.

  • Manager
  • Receptionist
  • Marketers
  • Driver

Raw Material

  • Crackers
  • Digestives
  • Wafers
  • Coconut biscuits
  • Cream biscuits
  • Jeer crunch
  • Ginger

Making the Biscuit Product

It is important to create a unique identity or product. There are different types of biscuits based on ingredient. Popular choice include crackers, digestives, wafers, coconut biscuits.

Others are cream biscuits, jeer crunch, ginger, arrowroot, cholesterol free biscuits, sugar-free. The manufacturer needs to develop their own taste, flavor or recipe.

Project Cost

There are many ways to write a comprehensive business plan. One is to hire a plan writer or use a template. Once all parameters are considered estimate the cost of the project.

Costs include land size, factory, plant/machinery, building costs. Others are product development, working capital, transportation, projected wages, utility, and marketing.

Licensing and Registration

Register the biscuit making business as a limited liability company. Apply for the MSME Udyog Aadhaar registration and register state Pvt, ROC or LLP.

Apply for manufacturer’s license, register the product, file doing business tax or Secure BIS certification. Join food manufacturers associations in the locality.

Biscuit Making Business Equipment and Machineries

Large/medium enterprises require either locally fabricated or imported biscuit making machinery. The output capacity will determine the type of assembly line production. Basic equipment are syrup machinery, sugar grinding equipment, rotary cutter, rolling cutter.

Others are industrial backing oven, oil spray for salted biscuits, working table, weight scale, conveyor system, roll cutter. A small scale operation can rely on basic household equipment like oven, mix bowls, baking tray, mixer, biscuit pan.

Develop a Recipe

The baker needs to develop their own recipe to produce unique products. Focus on availability of ingredient, customer preferences, taste, look, cost of production, once the recipe is approved make sure to focus on quality control and hygiene.

Raw Material and Packaging

The raw materials depends on the type of biscuit produced. Common raw material are wheat flour, butter, sugar, edible color, flavor, yeast, ghee, milk powder. Develop attractive packaging or wrapping to entice customers and differentiate the product.

How to Make Biscuits

First step is to gather together the ingredients and mix together. Other process is application of either baking powder or yeast, fermentation. Others are panning into a shape cup, baking, testing/quality control and packaging.


Biscuit making business is very competitive and demanding. Sell the products in supermarkets, grocery stores, hotels, restaurants, local stores. Use television advertisement, radio and print.

Print billboards, posters, banners. Use social medial advertisement, goggle Adwords, ecommerce or websites. Organize free tasting events or promotional.

By Femi

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