cassava

Cassava flour processing machines/equipment

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Cassava flour processing machines/equipment is used to process cassava whole flour. Different from cassava starch it is a fine grayish or yellowish colored flour. Produced from whole cassava root the food is very popular in West African countries. Widely used in culinary applications the cassava flour processing machine is locally fabricated or imported.

What is cassava?

Cassava manihot esculenta) is a perennial plant with woody shrub cultivated in tropical and sub-tropical regions. It is cultivated for its edible starch native to South America and common in West Africa.

The tuber contains anti-nutritional factors, toxins and improper preparation contains deadly/harmful residual cynide.it has long tapered roots, rough brownish exterior with homogeneous flesh.

Poor in protein or other nutrients rich in carbohydrates it however has small amounts of calcium. Domesticated cassava was cultivated more than 10,000 BC and introduced to Africa in the 16th century by Portuguese and Spanish traders.

Cassava flour processing machines
Women with freshly harvested cassava

Uses of cassava

Cassava is a popular tuber crop in West African countries. The root tuber has many health benefits including some dangerous effect if not properly processed. It is a major source of carbohydrate, calories and used in many industrial and culinary applications.

It is used to make fabrics, building materials, paper, medication, cassava flour, gluten free bread and an ingredient in animal feed. The starchy tuber is perfect for tropical regions and used in the production of tapioca, garri.

Before it is made into a popular Nigeria dish garri it most go through an intensive cooking/ frying to eliminate the poison in the tuber.  Processing cassava reduces its nutritional value because vitamins and minerals are lost in the cooking process.

Nutrients found in 200 grams of boiled cassava are fiber 2g, carbohydrates 54 gram and calories 224. Others are phosphorous 10% of the RDI, Thiamine 40% of the RDI and Riboflavin 4% of the RDI. More constituents I small quantities are niacin, vitamin C, iron.

Uses

  • Fabrics
  • Local building materials
  • Paper
  • Laundry starch
  • Medication
  • Bio-fuel
  • Cassava flour
  • Gluten free bread
  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Animal feed
  • Tapioca
  • Garri

How is cassava flour processes

Multiple operations are used in the production of cassava flour. The tubers are harvested then washed and peeled. Next is the grating, de-watering, breaking & sifting process. Finally it goes through drying, milling and packaging.

Cassava flour processing process

Cassava flour processing process starts with fresh cassava – washing – peeling –peeled cassava – grating – de-watering/pressing – cassava wet cakes – breaking& sifting –drying –milling –final dry flour – packaging.

Cassava flour operations

  1. Fresh cassava
  2. Washing
  3. Peeling
  4. Grating
  5. De-watering
  6. Pressing
  7. Breaking& sifting(Cassava wet cakes)
  8. Drying
  9. Milling
  10. Final dry flour
  11. packaging

Cassava flour processing machines/equipment

Types of Cassava flour processing machine are the cassava washing station, cassava peeling machine and grinding machine. Others are the cassava chips cutting machine, cassava drying machine and starch extraction machine.

More include the hydraulic dewatering press, fabricated stainless steel breaking and sifting machine, cassava flour milling machine and packaging machine.

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Equipment

  • Cassava washing station
  • Peeling machine
  • Grinding machine
  • Chips cutting machine
  • Drying machine
  • Starch extraction machine
  • Hydraulic dewatering press
  • Fabricated stainless steel breaking and sifting machine
  • Cassava flour milling machine
  • Packaging machine

Global production and economic importance

In 2019 global production was estimated at 290 million tonnes. Major producers are democratic republic of Congo, Thailand and Nigeria (the largest producer). In West Africa the tuber is produced into a popular food garri. Over 800 million people depend on the staple as a primary food source. Countries that depend on the tuber are Ghana, Benin, Togo, India and China.

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