Cattle Feeding Guide for Livestock Farmers

Cattle farming is guided by many government regulations. Vet calls and preventive care is essential to the well-being of the animal. The animal requires regular supervision especially milking cows and calves.
There are different cattle feeding systems adapted by cattle farmers. The technique generally depends on the type of cattle raised for meat, hide or milk production.
You have a choice of different equipment used for small or large scale farms. Some use open grazing system or pasture grazing while others supplement with hay.

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Types of Systems
Different forms of cattle feeding are open grazing, Indoor feeding, Both Systems, ranching
Bales Feeding
They are at liberty to use open grazing or indoor feeding. There is also the option of open field feeding.
Bales requirements are square, round or baleage bales. The bales could be mixed with other ingredients. The farmer provides bunk, straw bedding, through or feed-pad feeding.
Feed Bales Types
• Square bales
• round bales
• Mixed with other ingredients
• baleage bales
• Hay bales
• Use part bales
Feeding Equipment
The feeding equipment depends on the system. Common equipment are bale un-rollers, cradle feeder, TMR mixer.
Others include slat bale feeder, chain feeder or chainless feeder. We have the bale splitter, bale processor, hay trailer and hay ring. Machinery includes single tractor operation.

• Bale un-rollers
• Cradle feeder
• TMR mixer
• Slat bale feeder
• Chain feeder
• Chainless feeder
• Bale splitter
• Bale processor
• Hay trailer
• Hay ring
• Single tractor
Things to Consider
Considerations in a feeder system are number of cattle to feed, feed waste, initial investment costs. The system should provide ease of access to feed, appropriate manure and nitrogen spread.
They can consider pasture damage, proper use of part bales and timing to feed each bale. It is important to know the diesel consumption per bale and hoof trampling.

Important Considerations
• Number of cattle to feed
• Feed waste
• Initial investment costs
• Ease of access to feed
• Appropriate manure and nitrogen spread
• Pasture damage
• Proper use of part bales
• Timing to feed each bale
• Single tractor diesel consumption per bale
• Hoof trampling

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