Guide on how to cultivate calabash fruit tree. The calabash an evergreen tree that produces interesting fruits, flower and grows 24 feet tall. The fruit is greenish, large, round-oblong and hard. The tree has spread branches with broad irregular crown.
The fruit hangs directly beneath the branches and easy to harvest. The flowers feature red veins and greenish yellow leaves. An unusual adaptation is the presence of orchids that grow on the bark of the trees. The fruit is not edible for humans and bats are the major pollinators.
Calabash Tree Demography
The tree is common to certain demography. They are found in South Africa, Philippines, Mexico, Cuba, Venezuela and Panama. Others are Brazil, Spain, Ecuador, Colombia, Peru, Nigeria, Dominica and St Lucia.
- South Africa
- St Lucia
Health Benefits of Calabash Tree
The fruit has many traditional medicine applications. The hydrocyanic acid present in the fruit is a powerful purgative.
Its leaves are believed to reduce blood pressure, bark to clean wounds, scrapes. The pulp is processed into a syrup to reduce stomach ache, dysentery, chest pain, asthma and respiratory issues.
- Strong purgative
- Believed to reduce blood pressure
- Bark to clean wounds
- Reduce stomach ache
- Chest pain
- Respiratory issues.
Nutritional Content of Calabash Tree
The calabash fruit has 4.7g carbohydrate, 0.03g fat, 0.88g protein and vitamin B1 00.01, vitamin C 12.43mg. Others are Sodium 348.59mg, potassium 249.3mg, iron 0.37mg, calcium 35.09mg.
- 4.7g carbohydrate
- 0.03g fat
- 0.88g protein
- Vitamin B1 0.001mg
- Vitamin C 12.43mg
- Sodium 348.59mg
- Potassium 249.3mg
- iron 0.37mg
- Calcium 35.09mg
Apart from traditional medicine the dried shell is used to make ornaments. The dried shell is used to make local musical instruments, containers, cups and plates.
The calabash is used as a floating device made into baskets, tools and handles. Calabash pods are perfect as box nests or bird feeders. The hollowed inner pulp is made into utensils.
Uses of Batuan Fruit
- Traditional medicine
- used to make ornaments
- make local musical instruments
- used as a floating device
- made into baskets
- made into tools and handles
- Pods perfect as box nests or bird feeders
- made into utensils
The Calabash Tree
The calabash trees flowers emits a slight odor and blooms in the evening. Orchids grow easily on the bark and flowers light green and purple in color. The tree fruits in the rainy season and have different shapes.
The shell of the fruit has white pulp and seeds that are dark brown in color. The seeds are dispersed in the dung of feeding animals and the tree require well-drained soil.
How to Grow Calabash Tree
The tree grows in warm climates and cannot tolerate frost. It requires regular watering and slightly tolerate to salty water.
The shell is surrounded by pulp in which the seeds are located. The seeds are brown in color and grow in different soil types. Make sure the soil is kept moist because droughty conditions would kill the tree. The fruits take six months to ripen.