Guide to machinery and equipment used in dairy farming. Dairy farming equipment include pasteurizers, automatic milker, vaccination bucket and more. A dairy farms main function is milk production. It is a capital intensive venture that requires long termed investment and proper management. Farms generally stock same breed with history of high milk production. The business is very lucrative because of huge demand for milk and milk related products. Common products are cheese, butter, yogurt, custard and ice cream.
Dairy products that consists of milk are either pasteurized or homogenized. Common products are skim milk, buttermilk products, whole milk, powdered and evaporated milk.
Others are baked milk, cheeses, butter, clabber, ice cream. More are milk chocolate, frozen yogurt, ice milk and frozen custard. Major consumers are Costa Rica, Pakistan, North America, America and India. Others are South Africa, New Zealand, Europe and Australia.
• Pasteurized milk
• Homogenized milk
• skim milk
• buttermilk products
• whole milk
• powdered and evaporated milk
• baked milk
• ice cream
• milk chocolate
• frozen yogurt
• ice milk
• frozen custard
How to Choose Dairy Farming Equipment
The number of cattle will determine the milking system. Purchase quality equipment that are functional and efficient. Equipment that cut operational cost, time and labor should be considered. Things to look for are space, range of features, quicker output, automated or manual. Make sure the equipment has spare parts for easy replacement. The equipment should carry out processes such as pasteurizing, separating, milking and storage.
Dairy Farming Equipment
Basic milk processing equipment are homogenizers, separators, pasteurizers and tanks. The primary equipment is the milking machines. There are different specifications, designs and functionality.
Milk harvested from the cattle might contain bacteria or harmful agents. The process of heating milk to neutralize bacterial is pasteurization. The milk is heated to 72 degrees for a time frame not exceeding 16 seconds.
Generally used in the milk industry this machine separates cream and skimmed milk. Used to produce milk products its components are made from stainless steel, aluminum and plastic.
Homogenizers and Tanks
The tanks are storage facilities to preserve the product. While homogenizers are machinery used to separate immiscible liquids into emulsion. More equipment involve refrigeration, housing
Machinery and Equipment for Dairy Farm
The type of machinery depends on the size of the operation. A small farm could start with 10 to 15 dairy cows while larger farms having 50 or more. The mechanization could be manual, semi-automated or automated.
Temperature control is essential for better yields and you need a utility vehicle for supplies. A farmer should consider cultivating food crops for the animal to reduce costs of feed.
Although there are common equipment to run a small farm you need a loader tractor, feed grinder and milking cans. Other equipment are bore well with motor, tagging equipment, chains. More are ropes, water pipes, semen container, accessories, mist cooling system. Buy a fodder chaff cutter, trolley, and tractor.
Large Dairy Farm
In addition larger operations would require cattle fodder truck, tractor implements, fodder compacting press. More machinery include generator, electric fencing, tanks, moveable fence, fodder harvester.
Equip the farm with reapers, fodder block machine, administrative office equipment. Add milking equipment, mud pump, baler, pressure washer, fodder mill, feed basket.
1. fodder truck
2. tractor implements
3. fodder compacting press
4. fodder block machine
5. administrative office equipment
6. milking equipment
7. mud pump
9. pressure washer
10. fodder mill
12. electric fencing
13. semen container
15. mist cooling system
16. fodder chaff cutter
20. moveable fence
21. fodder harvester
23. feed basket
24. loader tractor
25. feed grinder
26. milk cans
27. bore well with motor
28. tagging equipment
31. water pipes
Types of Milking Process
There are different types of equipment and machinery. The production process could be manual, automated or semi-automated. Common production processes are hand milking, fully automated robotic milking.
Others are automated milker take-off system, parallel parlors and rotary parlors. More include a milking pipeline system and vacuum bucket milking system.
Different Types of Milking Processes
• hand milking
• fully automated robotic milking
• automated milker take-off system
• parallel parlors
• rotary parlors
• milking pipeline system
• vacuum bucket milking system
Vacuum Bucket System
The vacuum bucket is an addition to traditional milking process. The system involves the use of a milking pail and bucket. It could be a surge hanging milker or set on the floor.
The surge hanger is secured to the animal with the use of straps which allows cow movement. The two major components in vacuum bucket system are the milking device and collection bucket. The farmer then collects the bucket for onward transmission to the holding tank.
The Fully Automated Robotic System
The fully automated robotic milking system is used in intensive management farms. Latest innovation includes the addition of sensors to increase production. The equipment can record fertility, animal health and provides autonomy.
Rotary and Parallel Parlors
Mechanizing a milking parlor increases efficiency and number of cows milked simultaneously. Streamlining the process creates an assembly line, reduces stress and output. It also reduces labor and provides better time management.
The rotary systems loading the cows individually for milking. The farmer attaches a milking cup as the animal passes along the system. Once full rotation is achieved the cup is removed and animal replaced with a fresh cow.
Parallel parlors operates by milking a row of cows at the same time. Once they are milked the cups are released and cow proceeds to feed. The farmer then loads a new row of cows to start the process again. The number of cows milked simultaneously depends on the design and capacity. Some equipment can manage 5 to 50 cows at the same time.
The automatic milker are not ideal devices because they over-milk the cows. It is essential to monitor the cows during the milking process. The process is quick and faster than manual milking.
A milking pipeline uses a permanent return pipe, vacuum pipe with quick seal entry ports. The system could be above the row of cows or encircle the barn. The sucking force of the milker nipples fold up the device and milk pulled up into the pipes via a vacuum system.
The milk enters the storage tanks due to gravity and vacuum breaker. The system eliminates the use of milking buckets, proper space management, herd management and labor.
The traditional form of milking is by hand. It is labor intensive because the cows are milked at least twice a day. The cattle are secured to a spot with a stanchion or rope. The farmer should maintain good hygiene, hand washing and use of buckets.