There are different liners for your fish pond. When constructing your pond you need strong waterproof liners to retain water and safeguard your fish. Poor lining cause loss of water, poor water quality and badly managed habitat.
Great care should be taken in choosing the right liner for your fish pond. A good pond liner reduces sediments and aids the fish develop into adult fish.
Other properties of a good liner are durability, functionality, easy installation and cost. There are two major categories of liners which are the synthetic liners and clay soil liners.
Before constructing your pond you need to evaluate the site. What are the water levels, topography and underground installations in the area?
You also need to evaluate the soil quality and water supply. Shallow ponds retain water better and do not require pond liner but the soil in the pond is compacted to retain water.
Things to know about pond liners
1 When choosing a pond liner you need to consider specie of fish, maintenance, budget and durability
2 Synthetic liners a better for small ponds while clay seal are good for larger ponds
3 Rubber and plastic ponds don’t cost much when applied to small ponds
4 Clay seals last a life time while synthetic liners last about ten years.
5 Synthetic ponds might need protective underlay and overlay.
Things to consider when selecting a pond liner
The geology of the land
The geology of the land should be taken into consideration when using a liner. Other considerations are soil composition, topology, water table level and if the land is rocky or sandy.
The type of wild life present in that area has some significance on your selection.
Size of the pond
Some liners are not suitable for large ponds and are better utilized in small ponds. While certain liners complement larger ponds and artificial lakes.
Once you have marked out the site and measured the diameter you then know which kind of liner to use.
Type of pond
The type of pond you want to build also dictates the type of liner that would do the job. Dugout ponds differ in construction, size and functionality so are the pond liners
Your budget and property value
When choosing a liner your budget is very important because some are more costly than others. The property value and location are other considerations.
The designer of your dugout pond would determine the best liner either natural o synthetic. Maintenance considerations are important factors when selecting a good liner.
Longevity of the pond liner
The most important consideration is how durable is the pond liner. Natural liners tend to last longer than synthetic liners such as plastic and rubber liners.
Investing in a durable liner costs less over the years than synthetic liners. Sealing a pond with concrete or clay liners are durable and last longer than synthetic ones.
You can use both natural and synthetic liners for small and large ponds but synthetic liners are better suited for smaller ponds.
Different pond liners
There are different pond liners you can use in your fish pond. Some of the more common liners are plastic pond liners, and synthetic liners. Other liners that work nicely are enhanced soil pond liners and natural clay pond liners.
Synthetic pond liners
Synthetic pond liners are very popular because of their availability and functionality. Synthetic liners are either plastic liners or rubber liners.
Synthetic pond liners are easy to handle and install in small ponds but larger ponds are more challenging. The cost depends on the manufacturer, type of liner, strength and size.
If your plan a small pond synthetic pond liners are your best option. When building a large pond the difficulty level in construction, expertise and price increases exponentially.
When using synthetic liners ponds are fitted with filters and aerators for fish health. Synthetic pond liners also require regular maintenance to sustain fish life.
Synthetic pond liners such as plastic and rubber are not natural looking. To make them seem more natural other building material like rocks, stones and sand are included in the design.
Synthetic pond liners are short term alternatives because of their high maintenance cost and lack of durability. Major fish farmers require a more rugged and durable liner to reduce overhead costs.
Short term advantage of synthetic liners is clear looking water devoid of sediments.
Plastic Pond Liners
Plastic pond liners are less expensive than rubber liners but are stiffer and more difficult to maintain. They are ideal for large ponds and come in a verity of sizes.
During installation plastic ponds are relatively difficult to handle and are fragile and brittle against natural obstacles like rocks.
The problem with plastic liners is the lack of durability, they rapidly deteriorates with years. They can last only a few years before replacement or major maintenance.
Rubber and plastic ponds breaks down easily because they are buried beneath rocks and soil. They have poor warranty because they don’t have longevity and the difficulty in management.
When constructing and installing a plastic pond liner compounding clay soil beneath the liner gives it additional strength and durability.
Plastic liners disintegrate with time but are well installed liner can last for ten years.
Rubber pond liners
Rubber pond liners are more flexible than plastic liners. They are less difficult to install than plastic liners.
Rubber pond liners are better for small and medium ponds because of their flexibility and ease to use. They are not as durable as plastic liners but they do the job.
Major commercial fish farmers should avoid using rubber liners but they are better for garden ponds and water gardens.
Natural clay soil liners
Natural clay soil is a very effective liner for your lake or pond. They are tough water resistant and long lasting. High quality clay are weighty and are only useful if present on site.
Buying an transporting clay for the purpose of pond building is expensive. Enhanced soil sealants are very durable same with clay sealants.
Before using clay as sealants for your pond they type and quality of the soil should be properly evaluated. Compounding the clay soil is just one of the various methods of using clay as sealants.
Natural clay soil is very durable especially when properly installed.
Enhanced soil pond liners
Enhanced soil pond liners require professional handling and are less expensive than synthetic liners. Apart from being less expensive they are very durable and last many years.
Some enhanced soil liners have soil additives like sodium bentonite. This makes enhanced soil pond liners much better for large ponds and lakes.
Pond liner cost
Clay seal pond liners are more expensive than synthetic pond liners. However, maintenance of plastic and rubber liners costs more than clay seal.
It is practical to spend more on a proper seal that will last a life time. The goal budget and reason for building your pond is also important.
Synthetic ponds require underlay and an overlay which add to the cost. The size, design and construction technique impacts on the overall cost of the project.