An adult male goat is referred to as buck while an adult female goat is a doe. To have a successful breeding program proper doe management will impact positively on output. Management of doe includes organizing the feeding schedule, hoof check and deworming. Other aspects are breeding schedule, hair clipping from reproductive organs, detection of swelling or mucous discharge.
- organizing feeding schedule
- conduct regular hoof check
- deworm the doe
- schedule breeding
- conduct hair clipping from reproductive organs
- detection of swelling or mucous discharge
It is important to separate the doe from the bull on certain occasions. Separation is needed if disease or infection is detected in the doe. This will effectively reduce transmission of the disease to the pen.
Deworming and clipping
Deworming is another important medical intervention in doe management. Make sure the doe is de-wormed before breeding them. Another thing to do before breeding is clipping of hair from reproductive organ.
Map out a feeding schedule for the doe for better productivity. Regular feeding is essential for the wellbeing and reproductive health of the animal.
It is important to maintain high hygiene standards in the pen. Remove uneaten food, replace water pots with clean drinking water and clean the pen regularly.
Heat is a problem with signs like red vulva, mucous discharge, swelling of private area. The farmer should check the doe’s hooves regularly because of the prevalence of foot rot which could lead to lameness. To achieve maximum fertility on the onset of oestrous breed the buck and doe with 12 hours.
Pregnant Doe Management
Despite their hardy nature pregnant does are susceptible to miscarriage. Prevent the doe from fighting each or jumping around to forestall chances of abortion. The animal needs quality feed, vitamins, supplements, minerals and lots of water. Study the animal for any behavioral changes, loss of appetite and provide quality feed and balanced diet.
- Prevent them from fighting
- Provide quality feed
- Lots of water
- Study the animals behavioral changes
- Loss of appetite and provide balanced diet
Management of Kids
Once the kid is born after a few days ensure they stand and suckle milk from mother. Milk will provide the sufficient nutrients for fast growth good health and development. Feed them colostrum to help develop immunity and protect from extreme weather conditions like snow, rain or heat.
Supply the young goats grains after 3 weeks, dehorn young animal and castrate male at 30 days. Select agile kids for breeding program and cull stunted ones. Wean at 45 days to encourage feeding on solid food. Identify each animal with neck or ear tags for better management.
- Ensure suckling of milk from mother
- Feed them colostrum for natural immunity
- Protect from extreme weather conditions
- Supply grains after 3 weeks
- Dehorn young animal
- Castrate male at 30 days
- Select agile kids for breeding program
- Cull stunted ones
- Wean at 45 days
- Identify each animal with neck or ear tags