Goat diseases cause discomfort, weight loss, poor milk production and death of animal. A farmer requires regular veterinary to reduce fatalities. However practical steps to prevent disease are clean environment, scheduled vaccination, deworming, and examination of fecal, feeding behavior.
- clean environment
- scheduled vaccination
- examination of fecal
- feeding behavior
Common Goat Diseases
Although goats are hardy animals they are susceptible to some diseases. Common diseases are Tetanus, Bloat, Mastitis, and Coccidiosis. More are Abscesses, foot rot, udder edema, skin infection, parasite infestation and enterotoxaemia.
- Foot rot
- Udder edema
- Skin infection
- Parasite infestation
Bloat and Enterotoxaemia
Bloat is caused by buildup of gas in the goat’s rumen. Cause include excessive consumption of diet rich in protein. The animal will exhibit distress make load grunt sounds regular laydowns. Make sure it eats only dry forage while avoiding tender greens or legumes. Bloat is dangerous and can lead to death of goat if proper veterinary care is not provided.Enterotoxaemia is caused by clostridia organism found in the animals intestine. Overeating is a common cause of this disease and can cause death due to the presence of toxins.
Parasite and Tetanus
Parasites are harmful to the herd therefore proper feed management is essential. Cause of parasitic infection is grazing on contaminated field. Common parasites that infect the animal are hookworm, tapeworm, roundworms found in the stomach region.
External parasites are horse flies, mosquito, horn flies, lice, ticks, mites. Symptoms of parasitic infections are diarrhea, anemia, weight loss, excessive scratching. Skin infection is caused by ringworm and is not life-threatening.
Treat the skin with antifungal medication and iodine. Tetanus is caused by an infected wound. Tetanus is deadly therefore quick medical intervention with tetanus anti-toxins including proper tendering to the wound. Signs include protruding eyes, erratic behavior, violent reaction, stiffness in head loss of appetite.
Foot rot and Abscess
Internal abscess caused by lymph nodes affect vital organs in the animal. Abscess can occur anywhere on the body particularly the shoulder, head and neck. Treatment includes isolation, treatment, cleaning with antiseptic veterinary injections. Foot rot is cause by unsanitary yards, pens or grazing fields. Symptoms are swelling, rotten and lameness.
Mastitis and udder edema
Mastitis is either chronic or acute depending on the severity. The female udder becomes inflamed by the presence of staphylococcus. This condition causes pain, tenseness, hotness of the udder. Treatment include penicillin, proper sanitary conditions, clean environment for milk production. High production of dairy milk caused by high energy foodstuff may cause this condition.