Barley is a major cereal with chewy, nutty flavor. The cereal is a grass and cultivated for its grain. It is self-pollinating, wild or domesticated and grows extensively in Western Asia, India, Syria, Egypt and Africa.
Over 140 million tonnes of barley was produced in 2016. Top producers are found in European Union countries like Germany, France, and Russia.
Habitat and Cultivars
The cultivated and domesticated verity are grown on roadside and orchards. While the wild verity are found on disturbed habitats. Cultivars are Azure, Beacon, Betzes, Bowman and Celebration.
Others are Centennial,Conlon, Compana, Dickson, Drummond. More are Excel, Foster, Larker, Logan, Lux, Kindred and Optic. You have the Pinnacle, Manscheuri, Mansury, Nordic, Stark, Steptoe and Trophy.
The cereal is used in culinary dishes, distilled beverages and beer. Commonly made into malt, bread and different health foods. Barley is an important ingredient in animal feed, non-alcoholic beverages, alcoholic beverages and ornamental plant.
- Culinary dishes
- Distilled beverages
- Different health foods
- Animal feed
- Alcoholic beverages
- Ornamental plant
- wheat farming business plan
Health Benefits of Barley
Barley is commonly found in various cuisines and common ingredient in bread. The major cereal grain is cultivated worldwide due to its economic value. The cereal has lots of health benefits increasing its popularity as a staple in many homes.
Wholegrain are loaded with dietary fiber, minerals and vitamins. Consumption of the cereal reduces health related problems, heart disease/cardiovascular disease obesity and diabetes.
Other benefits include reduction in blood pressure, heart and bone disease. It reduces chronic inflammation, prevents constipation, increases satiety and reduces appetite.
It helps maintain a healthy weight, easily incorporated into different meals. Present in barley is magnesium, potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorous, zinc.
- Dietary fiber
- Reduces health related problems
- Heart disease/cardiovascular disease
- Reduces obesity and diabetes
- Reduction in blood pressure
- Reduces Heart and bone disease
- Reduces chronic inflammation
- Prevents constipation
- Increases satiety and reduces appetite
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Easily incorporated into different meals
Barley is either pearled or hulled. Pearled is when the layer of bran is removed with the hull. The intact germ and bran with inedible outer shell removed refers to hulled barley.
184 grams of hulled barley contains zero cholesterol 135g carbohydrate, 651 calories. It has 4.23g fat, 22.96 protein, 6.62 mg iron, o.524 riboflavin and 1.189mg thiamin. Others are 245mg magnesium, 5.1 mg zinc, 486 phosphorous, 0.585mg vitamin B6 and 8.471mg niacin.
- zero cholesterol 135g carbohydrate
- 651 calories
- 4.23g fat
- 22.96 protein
- 6.62 mg iron
- 0.524 riboflavin
- 1.189mg thiamin
- 245mg magnesium
- 5.1 mg zinc
- 486 phosphorous
- 0.585mg vitamin B6
- 8.471mg niacin
Barley Grass Farming Supplies
The supplies you need for a small barley farm are farming implements. Others are barley seeds, soaking bowl, tray with drain holes. You need growing tray, fertilizer and compost. You need a tray cover or plastic lid with air holes.
Measuring the Barley Seeds
Measure the barley seeds for your tray size. You can use a 10 x10 inch tray with 1 cup of barley seeds ½ Ibs.
Growing the Grass
You can sprout barley in a growing tray and transfer once tail begins to show. Introduce 1 inch layer of soil to growing tray. The next step is to sprinkle seed evenly. Make sure the soil is moist and avoid overwatering the sprout.
The tray should have drainage holes to avoid waterlogging. Once the seeds are sprinkled place tray to receive direct sunlight. Preferred temperature are from 60 to 80 F.
The next step is to cover with plastic lid to stimulate a greenhouse effect. Make sure the lid has adequate space for the sprouts and air holes. Use a spray bottle to water daily until seed establishes roots and grass sprouts.
It grows rapidly and takes about 4 days to reach 1-2 inches. Once the roots are well established and grass grows transplant to prepared farmland.
The plant is susceptible to bacteria blight, barley mild mosaic bymovirus. Other diseases include leaf scald, powdery mildew, barely rust, crown rust and head blight.