Guide on How to Start a Pepper Farm

Here is a guide on how to start a pepper farm. Peppers range from mild, meaty and spicy varieties. They are easy to grow, require occasional watering, warm weather and at least 7 hours sunlight.

To start the business you need agricultural land, good seeds, equipment and labor. Find out zoning requirements, startup costs and tax. Learn how to grow them, select the type popular in your area and dig a borehole/well.

Health Benefits of Pepper

Pepper improves cognitive function, provides respiratory relief and has antibacterial quality. It supports weight loss, skin care, improves digestion.  It is believed to revitalize hair, used to treat dandruff and cures vitiligo.

It could be applied as a scrub too exfoliate the skin, fight wrinkles, aid the treatment of diabetes. Some believe it improves fertility in men, helps quit smoking and improves oral health.

It relives cold, cough, fight infections, lower blood pressure. Despite all the benefits pepper should be avoided during pregnancy or while breast feeding. It also causes irritation and red eyes.

Kale farming

Benefits of Pepper

  • improves cognitive function
  • provides respiratory relief
  • has antibacterial quality
  • supports weight loss
  • skin care
  • improves digestion
  • revitalize hair
  • used to treat dandruff
  • cures vitiligo
  • exfoliates the skin
  • fight wrinkles
  • aid the treatment of diabetes
  • improves fertility in men
  • help quit smoking
  • improves oral health
  • relives cold, cough
  • fight infections
  • lower blood pressure

Uses

It has many culinary used in stews, soups and dishes. It is a primary ingredient in black pepper sauce, Lack pepper tea. Pepper is grilled, boiled, steamed, ground, grated or fried. They are canned, turned into powder or different food products.

  • Stews
  • Soups
  • Dishes
  • Black pepper sauce
  • Lack pepper tea
  • Canned
  • Different food products.

Types of Pepper

There is a huge variety of pepper to choose based on tastes, texture, color and flavor. Popular types are Bell pepper, Jalapeno, cayenne, habanero, piri-piri and capsicum.

Others are sweet chili peppers, pubescens, malagueta pepper, scotch bonnet, Trinidad moruga, Trinidad scorpion and Madame Jeanette. Serrano peppers are small, green and hot to taste while Jalapeno are spicy, red or green.

Anaheim are moderately hot green with long slender shape. Pimentos are red, heart shaped mildly hot while bell peppers come in different colors of orange, green, yellow and red.

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Different Types of Pepper

  • Bell pepper
  • Jalapeno
  • Cayenne
  • Habanero
  • Piri-piri
  • Capsicum
  • Chili peppers
  • Pubescens
  • Malagueta pepper
  • Scotch bonnet
  • Trinidad moruga
  • Trinidad scorpion
  • Madame Jeanette
  • Serrano peppers
  • Anaheim
  • Pimento

Equipment

Make sure you have a good irrigation system, and fence. You need wheelbarrow, rake, digger, shovel and thermometer. More equipment is fertilizer/chemical injector, harvest bins, picnic basket. Buy attached lid plastic containers, tying tools, blades and shears. Stakes.

List of Farming Equipment

  • irrigation system
  • Perimeter Fence
  • Wheelbarrow
  • Rake
  • Digger
  • Shovel
  • Thermometer
  • Fertilizer/chemical injector
  • Harvest bins
  • Picnic basket
  • Attached lid plastic containers
  • Tying tools
  • Blades
  • Shears
  • Stakes
  • Pepper Cage

How to Grow Peppers

They will grow in flowering pots, containers, flower beds farm ground. The soil should have enough organic matter and compost. The soil composition should have a PH level not exceeding 7.2.

Make sure the farm has adequate water and soil should be properly drained. Plant seeds 25 inches apart, water immediately. The total water requirements weekly should not exceed 2 inches.

To stimulate fast growth introduce liquid plant food and fertilizer. The soil should be kept moist by introducing mulch. As they grow the stems would need support so use stakes to carry the plants weight.

Harvesting

To harvest use clean shears to remove ripe ones. Storage method involves keeping in airtight container, drying them or refrigeration.

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