How to control Smells in poultry farm
Poultry farms are smelly places because of the assortment of odours produced daily. Therefore managing them is a major task and responsibility of the farm management. It is important to deal with these offensive odours that emanate from various quarters of production, therefore management need to investigate, clean and offer solutions to waste related issues.
Odorous gases in poultry production
We have established that poultry farms are stinky places. The odours don’t only affect the nose , they cause skin, and eye irritation. Common odours on poultry farms are thiocesol, thiophenol, hydrogen sulphide and ammonia. Ammonia levels are a serious problem in poultry farm production.
The dangerous colourless gas NH3 with a distinct sharp smell is common in decompose uric acid in poultry droppings. Things that cause ammonia build up are poor ventilation in poultry house, loose droppings or poorly positioned waterer. Ammonia effects are nose, throat, skin, eyes irritation.
How to control Smells in poultry farm
Source of odour
Poultry farmers need to monitor source of odour and odour levels in the farm. Livestock can produce different unpleasant smells in poultry farm. Things that contribute to smalls in poultry farm are the type of livestock, intensive culture, feed, loose droppings, manure.
Ways to control smells in poultry farm include farmhouse design, building structure, waste management protocols, regular cleaning and disinfecting. Provide routine maintenance, or use additives to mask offensive smalls.
Ways to control odour in poultry farm.
To prevent enforcement action by local or state authorities, a farmer has the responsibility to control offensive odours on their farm.
There are site specific methods used by poultry farmers to control smells in poultry farm. Methods include sniffing tests, control of offensive odours, use of olfactometer, maintenance and monitoring.
Ways to eliminate odour on poultry farm
- Minimize emissions
Minimize emissions is the best way to reduce or eliminate odour on poultry farm. Things to reduce odours are type of livestock, feed, poultry house design, manure management, removal of carcasses, use of additives to mask odours.
Proper ventilation is essential for good egg or meat production. Make sure the housing is well ventilated for good airflow and better health for the poultry. Use vents with key design features for proper ventilation.
- Manure management
Proper management of manure can remove offensive smells in the farm. Promptly remove spent liter or manure and consider wind direction of stored.
- Remove carcasses
Carcasses is a huge problem in poultry production. It is important to properly dispose or remove carcasses from the farm.
- Building design
Building design plays a huge role in control of odours smells. Therefore proper infrastructure and building design reduces prevalent of bad odours. Other considerations are landscaping, natural barriers, quality equipment.
Dust can cause health related issues in both animals and humans. Try to minimize dust through regular cleaning, removing dust traps and ventilation
- Health of livestock
Pay consirable attention to the health of the livestock. This prevent mortality in the birds.
- Use additives
Some farmers use additives to mask odours on the farm. This is a temporary measure therefore regular cleaning is more effective.
- Water management
Dirty water is a major cause of offensive odours on the farm. A combination of dirty water and loose droppings is a call to disaster. Therefore proper water disposal, cleaning and management will reduce bad odours.
Regular cleaning and disinfecting minimize emissions or offensive odours. Maintain the infrastructure, waste disposal, manure, drainage system.