The edible tuber is a starchy crop with botanical name Solanum tuberosun. The vegetable requires full sun, sandy soil and pH acidic. Things you need are fertile land, water source, seed plants and farming implements.
A commercial farm requires registration, zoning, operational license or permit. The amount of startup depends on the size of the plantation, labor and farming technique.
Types of Potatoes
There are different types of potatoes in the market with over 200 verities sold in the United States of America. Potato category are white, blue, purple, yellow red and russet. Common types are Laura potato, Kennebec, Yukon, King Edward, Kerr’s and Bintje, Ratte and Russet Burbank.
- Laura potato
- King Edward
- Russet Burbank
Nutritional composition per 100 grams are calories 77, sodium 6g, potassium 421mg carbohydrates 17g. Others are dietary fiber 2.2g, sugar 0.8g and protein 2g. Vitamins include vitamin A, D. C.B-6, B-12, Magnesium, Calcium and Iron.
- Calories 77
- Sodium 6g
- Potassium 421mg
- Carbohydrates 17g
- Dietary fiber 2.2g
- Sugar 0.8g
- Protein 2g
Culinary application of potatoes are baking, mashed, fried, boiled or roasted. They are added to vegetable meals, canned.
- Added to vegetable meals
How to Plant Potatoes
Use a hoe to dig a trench with tapered bottom 3 inches and hole 7 x 7 inches. Plant in rows and space 3.5 feet apart. The next step is to introduce organic compost, rotted manure to bottom of trench.
Before introducing the potatoes use a sharp knife to cut a large potato into smaller pieces. It is important that each piece has at least two white eyes. Make sure this process is carried out two days before planting.
This period is required to heal the cut surface through the formation of a protective layer. This guarantees rot resistance, moist retention and improves chances of germination. Place the seed potato in the trench and cover with 3 inch soil.
Ideal potatoes for planting should have protruding white eyes. It is best to obtain the seed potato from nursery farmers for better results. After 2 weeks sprouts will appear then fill the trench with 3 inch layer of soil.
Make sure the plant is exposed above the soil for the leaves to receive sun. After a few weeks repeat the process and mound 4 inches above ground level.
Once the plant has fully emerged add organic mulch between the rows. Mulching helps conserve soil temperature, control weeds and retain soil moisture.