Guide to grow guava in a container. Guava is a tropical tree that bare delicious fruits. It is an attractive plant with huge plumage and grows to a height of 14 feet.
Culinary uses include production of jam, marmalade, jellies and candle. The fruit is rich in dietary fiber, fatty acids and vitamin C. You can row the fruit in a container of farm land.
Pests and Diseases
There are some pests and diseases that affect growth of the plant. Common pests are thrips, moth, mealy bugs, scale.
Others are guava white flies, fruit flies and rodents. The plant suffers leaf spots, anthrcnose, ant attacks. Repel bugs on the plant by spraying a dilute solution of neem oil or garlic solution.
Guava Diseases and Pests
- Mealy bugs
- guava white flies
- fruit flies
Types of Guava
There are different types of guava to choose from we have the strawberry guava, pineapple guava, apple guava.
- Strawberry guava
- Pineapple guava
- Apple guava
Ways to Grow Guava
There are three ways to grow guava. They grow through air layering, grafting and seed propagation.
How to Grow Guava from Seeds
Large commercial farms propagate through stem cutting, budding and grafting. However the plan can be grown from seed in a pot or container. Guava hardly grows or reproduce true to type however the method of seed growing is a normal practice.
To grow the fruit break the seed dormancy by boiling or soaking. Soak for 2 weeks in water or boil for 5 minutes. This will soften the seed in preparation to planting.
Place soilless seed starter mix and put the seed in the soilless mixture. Make sure the plant has adequate sunlight and water when top soil is dry to keep soil moist. Ideal temperature for growth is about 64F while germination takes 4-10 weeks. Transplant when they reach 5 to 14 inch high.
Growing the Guava
- Boiling or soaking
- Add soilless seed starter mix
- Put the seed in the soilless mixture
- Ensure adequate sunlight
- Water to keep soil moist
- Ideal temperature 64F
- Germination takes 4-10 weeks
- Transplant at 5 to 14 inch high.
Plant in Pot
The pot should be large enough to contain the pottering plant. Use a pot with good drainage holes and about 14inches. You can prune the plant to control the height and size.
Although pot grown guava are easier to harvest the fruits are relatively smaller than those grown on the ground. The fruit requires adequate sunlight and cold die in cold weather.
Grow in Ground and Soil.
Those grown in farms could reach 28 feet in height. The soil composition should have a PH level of 5 to 7. Use organic fertilizer, compost or manure to boost soil quality.
Fruiting can be stimulated in adult plant by pruning or restricting watering. Harvest the fruit 4 months after the flower blooms. The ripe fruits attain a green color and becomes softer.
Mulch to retain moisture value in the soil. Mulch 1o to 12 inch from truck with 5 inch bark and wood chippings. Remove any weed to discourage competition for soil nutrients.
Pruning and Low temperature
To protect from low temperature or freezing cover at night with a blanket. Potted guava plants can be moved to warmer areas of the house. To stimulate production of leaves and new branches prune the young plant when it attains 2 feet in length. Cut the tips with a knife of clean shears.
Fertilize adult trees twice a year and young every two months. The fertilizer should contain magnesium, potash, phosphorous and nitrogen.
The tree is a heavy feeder so maintain a mix of nitrogen 6, phosphorous 6, potash 6 magnesium 2. Introduce iron sulphate 2 times a year for best results.
Guava matures 150 to 160 days after flowering. The fruit becomes soft, fruit changes color from green to yellow or pale green.
The fruit become rounded and ridges disappear with a noticeable depression close to the stalk. Collect the fruits with a basket, ladder for high fruits. Harvest at least twice a week and use hand pulling to dislodge the fruits.