How to Plant Bell Peppers
Bell peppers are warm season plants perfect for tropical regions. You can grow them from seedlings or sprout’s. Growing from seed is moderately challenging as opposed to planting young sprouts. Best practice is to grow in a nursery then transplant when young plant is established.
Types of bell peppers
There are variations in types of bell peppers based on the species, however red or green peppers are cultivated from same plant. The different colors are red for those left to ripen and green for those harvested early. Bell pepper fruits don’t have gender and are simply fruits.
When to plant bell peppers
Bell peppers are sensitive to frost or cold weather and perfect for tropical regions. If you are in cold region plant the sprouts three weeks before the unset of summer. If grown from seed plant 2 months before summer. Grow them in a climate control system then transplant the sprouts at unset of summer when the frost has passed.
How to plant in nursery
To plant in nursery choose a flower pot and add potting mix for easy drainage. Use soil based potting mix and plant in soil temperature at least 70 degrees Fahrenheit for optimal seed germination. Make sure the climatic control or weather is warm
How to plant seeds
If you want to start from seeds, plant them about 4 to 5 inches deep. It is important to keep seedlings warm before planting. Nice locations for growing seedlings are greenhouses or conservatory were they get even distribution of warmth. You can transplant when the reach 3 inches, if they have 5 to 8 leaves transplant to pot 7 to 12 inches.
Transplanting the young plant
It is common practice to harden the plant before transplanting outside. Apply black nylon to pot soil at soil temperature of 60 degrees Fahrenheit.
How to prepare planting outdoors
In summer period they are ready to be moved outdoors. Peppers need full sun therefore prepare a site were there is full sun. Use rich organic matter with well drained soil, best soul consistency is loamy, Sandy soil with P H level 6.0 to 7.0, add slow release fertilizer and compost. Transplant the young plant or seedlings by spacing them in the soil 20 inches apart.
Water the plant once a week, make sure the soil is moist but not wet. The plant also needs a little dry soil. Feed them liquid fertilizer rich in potassium with low nitrogen for better fruit production.
Weeding and pests
Weeding is necessary to reduce competition for soil nutrients. Remove any weed around the pepper plant and spray the plant to repel insects and pests. Common pests and are insects, aphids, birds and mites.
How to harvest
Pick ripe fruits once they attain full size and color. Picking the ripe fruits will encourage more fruiting. Cut with sharp knife or scissors clean off the plant.