Mon. Jun 27th, 2022

Guava is a delicious fruit common to Central America and Africa. Major producers are found in tropical countries, Caribbean, Mexico and South American. The sweet bitter taste, linoleic acid and unsaturated fats offer huge culinary applications.

Entrepreneurs interested in fruit farming will do well in this venture. Here are a few ideas on how to start guava tree plantation.

Uses of guava

The delicious fruit has a distinctive sour sweet taste. Ideal for many fruit juice, beverages and culinary applications. The skin, seed, pulp and juice are ingredient in traditional medicine and cosmetics.

Guava is found in ice creams, jams, jellies, fruit salad. It is found alcoholic drinks, made into fruit bars, sauces, desserts, dried snacks and dips.

Uses

  • Cosmetic products
  • Jams
  • Jellies
  • Fruit salad
  • Alcoholic drinks
  • Eaten raw
  • Fruit salad
  • Fruit juice
  • Sauces
  • Fruit bars
  • Desserts
  • Marmalades
  • Ice creams
  • Medicine
  • Used in preservatives
  • beverages

Types of guava

Soil quality, demography, seed variation determines the type of guava grown in a plantation. Different color are common to the fruit such as brown, red, and yellow or green. The bushy tree is a medium to small sized have longevity.

 Popular types are yellow cherry, apple guava (Psidium guajava). Others are Ripe apple guavas (Psidium guajava), Thai maroon, red cultivar, Lemon guava (Psidium littorale)

Types

  • yellow cherry
  • off-white
  • pink guava
  • apple guava (Psidium guajava)
  • Ripe apple guavas (Psidium guajava)
  • Thai maroon
  • red cultivar
  • Lemon guava (Psidium littorale)

Steps to Start Guava Tree Plantation

To start a guava tree plantation first write a business plan. Then visit an established plantation for industrial advice and unhands knowledge. Secure funding, lease or purchase fertile land, buy seedlings, farming tools.

The next step is to register the business, get tax identification number, insurance cover. Hire casual staff, get operational permit, fertilizer, marketing.

Steps

  1. Write a business plan
  2. Learn the trade
  3. Secure funding
  4. Lease or purchase fertile land
  5. Buy seedlings
  6. Buy farming equipment
  7. Register the business
  8. get tax identification number
  9. insurance
  10. Hire casual staff
  11. Get operational permit
  12. Marketing

Write the Business Plan

Write the Guava plantation business plan and carry out a feasibility study. The plan should cover funding, land acquisition, permits.

Start ice cream business

Learn the trade

Learn how to grow the fruits from an established farm. Learn as an apprentice, find a mentor, through online resources. There are seminars, conventions, tutorials, agricultural college.

Secure funding

The business is capital intensive and moderately challenging. Secure funds through target savings or borrow from family and friends. Approach a commercial bank for long term low interest loans. Other funding sources are venture capitalists, core investor or find partners. Use angel investors,

Legal

Register the business as a limited liability company, get insurance. Apply for permit, tax identification, follow zoning requirements.

Farm Land

The choice of land should support guava growth. Luckily the fruit tree is very rugged and grows in different soil types. Make sure the land is large enough to hold a plantation and conforms to land use and zoning laws. Although leasing is an option we advise the farmer to purchase the land.

papaya cultivation

Buy equipment

Purchase appropriate equipment to ease the farming process. The equipment could be mechanized or manual depending on funding. Buy a small tractor, hoes, diggers, rake, shoves and farm gloves. Dig a borehole to provide water for the plants.

  • small tractor
  • hoes
  • diggers
  • water hose
  • rake
  • shoves
  • farm gloves

How to Plant Guava

To grow guava you can start from the seed or seedling. Seed planting is very challenging with low success rate however planting from seedlings is easier with huge growth rate. The first step is to purchase the seeds or seedlings from a trusted source. Another way to get seeds is to purchase the guava and store till they over-ripen.

Seed

To grow from seeds cut ripe fruit into small pieces and boil. Boil for 8 minutes to animate the seeds then place in water till they sprout. It takes about 30 days to sprout small plants once ready prepare the soil and place them in a small hole.

Seedlings

Purchase the seedlings prepare the soil and plant. Space the seedlings appropriately to accommodate each guava tree. To prepare the soil remove rocks, shrubs and roots. Conduct soil test, PH level test introduce fertilizer if needed. Use quality seedlings wet regularly and maintain farmland.

coconut plantation business

Marketing

There are huge business possibilities for guava production. Markets include beverage, non-alcoholic and alcoholic drink makers. Others are culinary establishment, pharmaceutical companies.

Sell them to commodity stores, supermarkets, fruit sellers. Ways to reach customers is through an effective marketing campaign. Use flyers, posters, banners, business cards and social channels. Use word of mouth, distributors and retailers.

  • Use flyers
  • Posters
  • Banners
  • business cards
  • social channels
  • Use word of mouth
  • Distributors
  • Retailers

Purchase the seedlings and hire staff

Purchase the seedlings or seeds from a reputable nursery. Approach a research institution for fast growing advanced seedlings. Staff requirements are casual laborers, independent marketers, farm manager.

By Femi

webmaster with passion for good content