Instant Coffee

Instant Coffee: How Instant Coffee is made

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Instant coffee brewed from coffee beans comes in crystal or powder form. It is soluble easy and quick to make. All you need is hot water, stir and its ready to drink. The difference between instant coffee and regular coffee is the added ingredients. The breakfast drink is made up of three ingredients sugar, coffee and milk.

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Nutritional benefits

A cup of coffee contains niacin, vitamin B3, calories, magnesium, and potassium, fat. Unsubstantiated claims to the attributions to drinking coffee are longevity, improved liver health, decrease diabetes, better mental health.

Advantage of instant coffee over regular one

The main advantage of instant coffee t regular one is the simple application. Simply add hot water or milk stir and ready to serve. Additional ingredients provide more nutritional benefits, lower volume of coffee beans. It has long shelf life has low weight reduces waste from packaging.


A major disadvantage according to research is increased risk of bladder cancer and decrease intestinal absorption.

Instant Coffee

Things to Start Instant coffee making Business

First register a business name and limited liability company. Others are tax identification number, insurance, join an association. More include purchase of equipment, lease factory, staff wages, and purchase of raw materials. Develop a good marketing strategy, engage wholesalers and retailers. Make sure the product follow strict standardization is registered with the food and drug administration.

Startup for Instant coffee

  1. Write a business plan
  2. Carry out feasibility study
  3. Register a business name
  4. Incorporate a limited liability company
  5. File tax identification number
  6. Get insurance
  7. Join an association
  8. Purchase equipment
  9. Lease factory
  10. Factor staff wages
  11. Purchase of raw materials
  12. Develop a marketing strategy
  13. Follow strict standardization
  14. Registered with the Food and Drug Administration

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Write a business plan

Write a business plan and carry out feasibility study. Then lease a factory warehouse and purchase equipment. Make use the factory is in a zoned area or close to raw material like coffee beans.


There are several institution that govern the standardization of coffee. Most countries have their own standards however notable bodies are National Coffee Association in New York, International Coffee Organization in London. Regulations include caffeine levels, type of solvent used in decaffeination. Others are year of the crop, processing details, species of coffee beans and the geographical location of harvest.

Composition and byproduct

Byproduct of instant coffee is the coffee grounds while the composition has less caffeine content. Ingredients include coffee creamer, hydrogenated palm kernel, fat acidity regulators, milk flavor, salt and sugar.

Ingredients in instant coffee

  • Coffee grounds
  • Coffee creamer
  • Hydrogenated palm kernel
  • Fat acidity regulators
  • Milk flavor
  • Salt
  • Sugar

How is Instant Coffee Made?

To make instant coffee, ground coffee beans is brewed to achieve powder. There are two main ways to achieve this through freezing process or spray drying. Freeze drying involves rapid freezing of broken granules then sifting and sorting. The granules are introduced to a vacuum drying chamber.

Conduction or radiation process is applied in the drying chamber. Next is sublimation, removal of water vapor from chamber then removed and packaged. To produce finer granules, shorter drying time spray drying is better for large scale production. To mitigate the extremely fine granules steam fusing is sometimes applied.


Type of packaging is determined by the manufacturer. Different types of packaging include jars, tins, plastic jars, and sachets. A package should include name of manufacturer ingredients, how to use, batch number, manufacturing date, expiration date and NAFDAC number.

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