Nomadic cattle rearing in Nigeria
Nomadic cattle rearing is the most common form of cattle farming in Nigeria. Over 70% of cattle in Nigeria is through this system of farming.
Nomadic cattle rearing involves moving the cattle from one place to another, the herder moves the herd to any fertile grassland to feed and rest. This type of farming has caused serious clashes between agricultural farmers whose farmlands are destroyed by the feeding cattle.
Indigenous bread of cattle in Nigeria
Nomadic cattle herdsmen rear indigenous breeds of cattle in their herd. Common indigenous breeds of cattle are Ndama, Kuri, Keteku, Muturu, Azawak, Wadara, Adamawa Gudali, Sokoto Gudali, Red Bororo, White Fulani. The white Fulani cattle is the most common breed reared by herdsmen.
Indigenous Nigerian cattle
- Adamawa Gudali
- Sokoto Gudali
- Red Bororo
- White Fulani
What is the nomadic farming?
Nomadic farming is a common practice by people from the northern part of Nigeria. The herders are not resident in the area but move from place to place looking for grazing land.
Type of livestock in Nomadic farming
There are different types of livestock reared in nomadic cattle farming. Although predominantly cattle they have other livestock like sheep, and goat.
Types of nomadic farming
Who are herdsmen in Nigeria?
Majority of herdsmen are Fulani nomadic herders or pastoralists. Herdsmen are found in Nigeria, Ghana, Niger,Côte D’Ivoire, Cameroon and Benin.
Advantages of Nomadic Herding
There are many advantages to nomadic cattle rearing. We have easy access to green pastures, low cost of raising livestock, uncontrolled breeding. Others are low marketing cost.
- Access to green pastures
- Low cost of raising livestock
- Uncontrolled breeding
- Low marketing cost.
Disadvantaged of Nomadic Herding
This type of cattle rearing comes with many disadvantages like poor health of cattle, destruction of biosecurity, production of low quality beef or diary milk. More include destruction of farmlands, herders exposed to attack from angry locals.
- Poor health of cattle
- Destruction of biosecurity
- Production of low quality beef or diary milk
- Destruction of farmlands
- Herders exposed to attack from angry locals
What are the problems of nomadic farming?
Because of the grazing of farmlands across the nation, nomadic cattle farming have caused deadly conflict between farmers and herders.
The grazing cause destruction of crops, contamination of streams, defecation and disregard for local authorities. Other problems include bush burning, harassment of women, kidnappings, cattle theft.
Problems associated with nomadic cattle rearing
- Over grazing of farmlands
- Destruction of crops
- Contamination of streams
- Disregard for local authorities
- Bush burning
- Harassment of locals
- Cattle theft
Nomadic cattle rearing in Nigeria has seen increased attacks and reprisals between herdsmen and local communities. Many state executives have offered a solution in the form of ranching or settlements.
However Nomadic cattle rearing in Nigeria has been a practice from the country’s independence and would be around for a long time.