Here is a beginners guide to organic poultry farming. Crop cultivation and organic poultry production are complementary the birds are kept free range or caged according to set laws and guidelines. The product attracts premium price in the market and is applicable full or part time.
Things to consider before starting are properly managed farmland with natural vegetation. The property should be fenced, suitable for organic production with natural clean water. The birds are specially selected and feed appropriate nutrients.
Advantages of Organic Farming
There are many advantages derived from organic farming. Some include reduction of chemical use, low investment and production of organic products. The system offer free range high quality birds that sell at premium prices.
- Reduction of chemical use
- Low investment
- Production of organic products
- High quality birds
- Premium prices
Organic Cleaning Products
Organic farming requires only organic substances that are bio-degradable. Common products are water, steam, natural plant essence and sodium carbonate. Others are alcohol, formaldehyde, milk, lime, hydrogen peroxide.
- Bio-degradable products
- Natural plant essence
- Sodium carbonate
Transporting Organic Poultry
The birds attract premium price in the market. They are usually free range and feed natural ingredients. The health and welfare of the birds is paramount. This is to provide a stress free environment and avoid discomfort and stress.
Only well-fed healthy bird are transported with proper management. Carefully monitor the birds, handle with care. There are laws guide space management, appropriate temperature, tranquilizer.
The birds are slaughtered in the most humane way. They should have attained a minimum age, weight prescribed by law. The birds should undergo minimum stress while cleaning should follow organic protocols.
Packaging includes proper standardization, labeling and product description. The label should have name of farm, location, address and phone number. This is a good marketing tool for organic farmers. Slaughtering include proper disinfection, washing, and packaging.
- Attained a minimum age
- Minimum stress
- Proper standardization
- Product description
The waste management of organic poultry farm requires proper disposal techniques. Harmful material are properly disposed through burning, gathering and cleaning.
Proper handling and storage is essential. The farmer should remove surface waste water, nitrates and phosphates from the environment.
The organic farmer needs to follow strict breeding laws guiding the enterprise. The requirements focus on space management, feeding and animal health.
Every aspect should be natural, natural without any artificial stimulants or genetic material. Moderate use of hormonal techniques are allowed including trimming and corrective treatment.
To produce high quality poultry you need good healthcare management system. This should focus on disease prevention, fat to body ratio and disease control. Breed selection is essential for optimal production.
The food is closely monitored, proper sanitation and regular medical care. Only vaccines approved by organic council are allowed. Growth stimulants are not allowed however moderate hormonal treatment are permitted in some demography.
There are three types of feed appropriate for organic farming. You have free range feed, mash or pellets. Feed them natural vegetable, fruits, seeds.
Make sure the food is organic and certified by organic council. Organic substances such as colorants, anti-oxidants, preservatives, surfactants and flavors are permitted. The farmer is not permitted to use growth hormones, antibiotics or synthetic material.
Housing the Poultry
The birds are free range or appropriate housing is provided. The birds are cage with certain space provisions, ventilation and strict feeding regimen.
Free range poultry are fenced need a good water source and fair weather. The bedding should be organic, sufficient sun and clean environment. If you wish to cage them visit the organic council in your area for caging specifications.
It is mandatory to keep proper records of organic farming. The records are product data, breed, parental stock, breeding details. Others are feeding regimen, medication, vaccination, farm management and sales record.
Type of Record Kept
- Product data
- Parental stock
- Breeding details
- Feeding regimen
- Farm management
- Sales record
Sourcing the Birds
The parent stock or breed is very important to organic farming. The farmer should comply with strict rules guiding the enterprise. Choose hardy stock that are natural to the geographical location. Buy your stock from certified organic breeders and obtain certificate.
There is much demand for organic products. They attract good price and certified more healthy consumables. Sell your products in supermarkets, grocery stores, frozen food stores. Use print, electronic media, radio and web to attract patronage.