Pig Information Guide

livestock farming

List of Pigs

  1.  Angeln Saddleback Pig
  2. Beijing Black Pig
  3. Belarus Black Pied Pig
  4. Bentheim Black Pied Pig
  5. Berkshire Pig Breed
  6. Auckland Island Pig 

Angeln Saddleback Pig Information Guide

This rare endangered pig’s origin is traced to Angeln, Germany. Also known as Angler Sattelschwein the Angeln Saddleback pig is a cross between the wessex saddleback and the local German black and white landrace.

Established as a distinct species in 1937 in Scheswig-Holstein. Under conservation status the pig is regarded as a rare breed.


Angeln Saddleback pig information guide


  • Name -Angeln Saddleback
  • Origin- Germany
  • Size-Large Pig
  • Color-Black with white belt around body and forefeet
  • Characteristic-hardy, fertile, hardy, climate tolerant
  • Conservation status- rare breed


The unique features of the pig are it’s lop ears, white belt around belly and forefeet. The animal is large highly fertile and prolific mother. The average boar height is 90cm, sow height 85cm. they generally weigh 300kg – 350 kg at full maturity.

Special Characteristics

The animal is very fertile and produces lots of milk. It is hardy and well adapted to foraging and outdoors management system.


Angeln saddleback pig is raised by small farmers in semi-intensive production. The rare domesticated pig is ideal for pork production because of its large size. However the fatty pork it produces account for the reduction in patronage.

Auckland Island Pig Information Guide

The Auckland pig has a low population genetic variation. It is a feral landrage cross of several domesticated pigs.

The invasive species ancestors are found on Auckland Island since 1807. The origin is traced to European sailors and whalers who introduced domesticated pigs on the island.

The domesticated pigs were of mixed origin however inbreeding produced the distinctive local breed we have today. They are believed to have constituted a negative impact on the islands plant-life and bird population.


The size of the Auckland pig is similar to feral pigs in New Zealand. The animal is very athletic has straight tail and narrow head. Its snout is narrow, brown and white markings and thick coat hairs. The average height of the sow is 36kg, boar 40kg.

  • Feral pig
  • Very athletic
  • Straight tail
  • Narrow head
  • Snout is narrow
  • Brown and white markings
  • Thick coat hairs
  • Average height sow is 36kg, boar 40kg


The prolific pig feeds on a variety of food. They eat earthworms, dead bird’s invertebrates. Other food sources are regurgitated sea lions, plant food, bark and bird eggs. Popular birds found on the island are mollymawks, albatrosses, shags, penguins and petrels.


  • Earthworms
  • Dead bird’s
  • Invertebrates
  • regurgitated sea lions
  • Plants
  • Bark
  • Bird eggs


By the late 20th century the pig became an invasive species. They occupied the high open country and coastal forests of Auckland Island. The huge numbers of equally male and female swine’s destroyed the islands plant life.

During winter they prefer the coastal forests for cover. To restore the natural ecosystem the New Zealand Department of Conservation decided to eradicate the animal. To preserve the population in captivity they caught several pregnant sows and removed 17 pigs to breed in captivity.

Berkshire Pig Breed Information Guide

It is not out of place to find the Berkshire pig on display at the Royal Adelaide Show. The conservation status of the animal is rare breed. The country of origin is England however it is raised in many countries.

It is regarded as premium pork Kurobuta designated by the Japanese. Kobe beef premium branded pork attracts premium price. This has facilitated good commercial value for the animal.

Countries of production

It is farmed in different countries of the world. You find them in England, Japan and New Zealand and United States. The pig is mostly imported to the United States from England while japan produces under the trademark Kagoshima Kurobuta.

Appearance and Features

The average weight at full maturity is 270kg. They are medium to large sized pigs with short snouts, upturned nose and prick ears.

The ancestors of the pig had a brownish, reddish color. However cross breeding the Siamese with the Berkshire have produced a black colored swine. The black pig has white on the nose, tail and feet.

  • Average weight is 270kg
  • Medium to large sized
  • Short snouts
  • Upturned nose
  • Prick ears.
  • Black colored swine
  • White on the nose, tail and feet


The pig attracts premium price because of its delicious flavor. The pork is tender, heavy marbled and pink. Berkshire has high fat content, high PH and firm quality.

The secret to the taste is the ability of the pig to store characteristics of the food it consumes. There has been experimentation by scientists to increase the firmness and overall flavor.


The swine is farmed in intensive and semi-intensive systems. They are also free range and eat a variety of food. Common food are apples, milk, clovers, nuts, corn and fodder.

  • Nuts
  • Fodder
  • Cloves
  • Apples
  • Corn

Bentheim Black Pied Pig Information Guide

Under the conservation status the Bentheim black pied pig is regarded as rare breed. Declared almost extinct in 1950 it has made a slow recovery.

The country of origin is Germany 20th century and the sows at full maturity weigh 180kg, boars 250kg. The pig also known as Schwarz-Wesses, Buntes BentheimerSchwein is a cross between the Cornwall, Berkshire and local breed.

Characteristic and Features

The rare medium sized breed has large floppy lop ears.it has identical features of Berkshire white in color with black spots. There are only 100 registered breeding animals in captivity.

  • Medium size
  • Large lop-ears
  • White color with black spots
  • Rare breed
  • Average weight 180kg – 250kg
  • Cross-Berkshire/Cornwall/Local Breed

Belarus Black Pied Pig Information Guide

The Belarus pied pig under the conservation status is classified as least concerned. A species classified as least concerned by the International Union of Conservation of Nature relates to species not qualified as endangered, conservative dependent, near threatened or threatened.

Due to distribution of population status the direct, indirect evaluation of extinction not evaluated. Domesticated Belarus breed is a cross between the Berkshire, Belarus pig, middle white pig, large black and large white.

Belarus Black Pied Pig

Cross between;

Berkshire, Belarus pig, Middle white pig, large black and large white

Other names

The swims many names are spotted black pied and Belarus black pied. Others are white-Russian black pied and Byelorussian black pied.

  • Spotted black pied
  • Belarus black pied
  • White-Russian black pied
  • Byelorussian black pied

Beijing Black Pig Information Guide

The conservation status of the Beijing Black pig is least concern. Other name is Perkin Black and country of origin is China (1962).

The animal is derived from the crossbreeding of local Chinese pig and Berkshire. Local breed used in the process are the Zhouxian, Dingxian and Shenxian.The Yorkshire and Soviet white were also crossbreed with native Chinese pig by local farmers.

The animal has good commercial value and breeds are specially selected for crossbreeding based on weaning weight, back fat thickness and litter size.


They are used for meat production because of their large size. The pig is black, has floppy ears, pointed snout and short tail. They have thick body fat, hairy and slight borty bellies.

  • Meat production
  • Large size
  • Black
  • Floppy ears
  • Pointed snout
  • Short tail
  • Thick body fat, hairy
  • Slight borty bellies

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