Rabbit farming business plan looks at the cost and benefit of rabbit production. Rabbit meat is fast gaining ground and an alternative to beef production. The cost benefits are high with low feed requirements, basic housing fast growth.
A farmer earns extra income, high returns, low maintenance easy startup. Rabbit farming involves meat and wool production for the open market. The produce industry will determine the type of rabbit stocked. There are some rabbits best for wool production while some perfect for meat.
Why Start a Rabbit Farm
There are many positive reasons to start a rabbit farm. Reasons include low cost of food, fast productivity, low maintenance. Rabbit breed early, grow fast and are ready for market in few months.
The food is readily available in the market, grocery store or supermarket. Small farms offer low maintenance, low medical requirements, and labor costs. The real advantage is quick turnover huge profit with 6 months of operation.
Types of rabbit
Rabbit is popular meat in some countries and attracts good price. Opportunity in rabbit production is wool and meat. Rabbit meat has many nutritional value with rich protein.
There are different species of rabbit however your choice should be commercially viable and fit your choice industry. Other parameters in choice is animal temperament, easy accessibility, adaptability to your climate, fast growth, quick breeders.
List of Rabbits
Commercial rabbit breeds are White New Zealand, Californian, Satin. Others include Champagne d’Argent, Himalayan, Dutch, and English Spot. More include Angora, Rex, Flemish Giant, American ChinChilla, and Polish.
- White New Zealand
- Champagne d’Argent
- English Spot
- Flemish Giant
- American ChinChilla
Rabbit Business Plan
The land requirements is low because half a plot will produce huge number of stock. The farmer should decide to purchase dry land for large farm or use backyard. An area of 1000 square feet will easily accommodate 200 rabbits. Other requirements are pen management, secure housing or cages.
Things required to start a small/medium rabbit farm are feed, young hare, water, and shelter. The size of shed depends on number of rabbits housed. The shed should be easily accessible, disinfected, and secure from predators, pests.
Place the shed in cool area avoid direct sunlight or stressful climatic conditions. Start a small farm with30 -50 rabbit kittens and supply regular clean water, feed.
To operate a large farm you need commercial scale land space. The cost considerations increases, disease control and management more challenging. Any sick rabbit should be promptly moved while regular vet visit is expected.
Cost considerations involve rabbit weaning, cage/shed purchase of breeding, non-breeding stock. Others are cost of baby cages, feeding bowls, water nipples. You need cages for breeders/non-breeders, feeding.
Rabbits eat a variety of food mostly vegetables or commercial concentrates. Feed them cabbage, lettuce, spinach different greens. It is easily to know the type of greens the rabbit likes.
In my farm I discovered a wild clover like small plant they love. Feed management involves proper feeding of greens, carrot. Some farmers include supplements and occasional treats.
- different greens
They are prolific breeders 4 times a year and ready to breed in 6-9 months. After 2 months they are ready to re-breed again. Pair a single male of same weight with a few females in a breeding pen will work.
Female become pregnant after 2 weeks from mating with change in behavior. Behavioral changes include protruding stomach and aggression. Feed pregnant rabbit nutritious food. They births rabbit kittens after 32 days with an average of5 – 6 litters.
Provide 1 square feet space for each rabbit for healthier growth. Management include cleaning feces, adequate clean water and medical intervention. Provide regular veterinary check to prevent diseases, remove sick rabbits. Make sure the shed has good ventilation, good temperature.
A well planned farm will make huge profit for the farmer. The turnover is quick with chance of profit taking in a few months. To succeed quality feed, fresh clean water, disease control and farm management is important.
Cost considerations are vet treatment, pen management, labor, food. Make sure the shed is well ventilated with ideal temperature for optimum growth. Rabbit respond to interactions between keeper and animal. Anyone with a little bit of space can start a small rabbit farm.