Rabbit farming is very profitable with low start-up. There are over 300 breeds to choose from. The animals are bred for meat, pet, coat and exhibition.
To start a commercial rabbit farm business you need moderate funds, a location for the housing and source of food. The business is practicable from home, full or part time.
List of Rabbit Breeds
When selecting farm animals the breed is important. There are over 300 breeds domesticated worldwide. Found in most countries the rabbits are farmed for their meat and coat. Some are bred for exhibition and even competition.
Breeds are American chinchilla, American Fuzzy Lop, Angora and Belgian hare. Others are Beveren, British Giant, Cashmere Lop, Chincilla Giganta.
More are the Cuban brown, Czeh red, Czech white. To mention a few more we have Dutch, Flemish giant, Florida white, German lop and French angora.
- American chinchilla
- American Fuzzy Lop
- Belgian Hare
- British Giant
- Cashmere Lop
- Chincilla Giganta
- Cuban brown
- Czeh red
- Czech white
- Flemish giant
- Florida white
- German lop
- French angora
Infections and Diseases
Rabbits suffer from different infections like myxomatosis, viral haemorrhage disease. They sometimes have external parasites, bacterial infections like Salmonellosis, E.coli.
Their feeding habit leads to intestinal parasites like worms. They might have lice or mites in their fur. Solutions to the problem include regular vet checks, clean hygienic environment.
- viral haemorrhage disease
Rabbit Farming Equipment and Tools
Equipment is hose, slicker brush, nail clipper, nest box, feeders and ventilation system. Others are cage, manual or automatic watering system and plastic water bottles.
- slicker brush
- nail clipper
- nest box
- ventilation system
- automatic watering system
- plastic water bottles
The rabbit housing is basic and construction materials easily available. Common materials in the housing include bamboo, plastic, mud, plastic, branches. The animals could be placed in cages similar to those used to house chicken.
The design, construction depends on the breed, climatic conditions. The design should establish a safety zone for the animals from predators. A general purpose hutch could be 1 meter above ground, length 100cm and width 60 cm.
A good frontal height is 55cm same as the back. Another cage dimension to use is 30″ Deep x 36″ wide x 18″ high.
How to Maintain the Hutches
It is important maintain good hygiene standards. Regularly wash and disinfect the house. Scrap out the dirt and faeces.
There are five basic types of food eaten by rabbits. You have hay, supplements, starches, grains, succulents. Hays include soybeans, groundnuts, cowpeas, greens and legumes. Succulents are cabbages, lettuce, carrots and potatoes leave.
Grains are guinea corn, rice, maize, millet and potatoes. Farmers use supplements like cotton seed, soyameal, groundnut cakes, pelleted food. Great care should be taking during the preparation of the food. Wash edibles and remove all dust particles before serving them.
- Potatoes leaves
- Guinea corn
- Cotton seed
- Soya meal
- Groundnut cakes
- pelleted food
Sell your animals at meat markets or supermarkets. Other places to sell are hotels, restaurants, residential homes.