Solar Power Irrigation System Information Guide

agriculture small business

What is Solar Powered Irrigation system?

Solar Power Irrigation system involves the use of solar energy to power irrigation. It uses the suns energy to power a submersible pump which in-turn supplies water to the field. This guarantees high crop yield in an efficient controlled manner.

Perfect for rural areas with poor utilities like electricity and low water levels. The clean technology converts sunlight into energy through solar cells. A farmer needs a reservoir, borehole, drip irrigation system, solar panels and submersible pump for the solar powered irrigation system to work.

Solar Power Irrigation Systems

Things to consider before purchase of irrigation system

There are a few things to consider before buying an irrigation system. The farmer needs to make sure the system fits the purpose.

Other things to look out for are price of the product and installation costs. More are durability of the solar panels, ISO certification, efficiency (energy rating) performance and equipment warranty.

Things to consider in Solar power Irrigation system

  1. Type of an irrigation system
  2. Price
  3. Product
  4. Installation costs
  5. Durability of the solar panels
  6. ISO certification
  7. Efficiency (energy rating)
  8. Performance and equipment warranty

Top solar energy manufacturers

Top solar manufacturers are found in China like the JinkoSolar in Shanghai, China, JA Solar in Beijing, China. Others are Canadian Solar in Ontario Canada, LONGi Solar in Shaanxi, China and Trina Solar in Jiangsu, China. Most have global offices in Europe, America, Australia, Brazil, Japan, Republic of Korea and Mexico.

China Solar Panel Manufacturers

  • JinkoSolar in Shanghai, China
  • JA Solar in Beijin, China
  • LONGi Solar in Shaanxi, China
  • Trina Solar in Jiangsu, China.

Advantages of solar power irrigation system

There are many advantages for farmers apart from a quick efficient irrigation system. Other advantages are reliability, easy accessibility, sustainability and time-saving. More are increase in property value, increased crop production, clean and safe energy.

The system offers an alternative source of income by selling surplus energy. The potential for higher yield would invariably increase the farmer’s income.

  • Efficient irrigation system
  • Reliable
  • Easy accessibility
  • Sustainability
  • Time-saving
  • Increase in property value
  • Increased crop production
  • Clean and safe energy.
  • Alternative source of income
  • Higher crop yield
  • Increase the farmer’s income

Time saving, reliable and durable

Operating manual pumps require serious manpower and huge consumption of electricity. Solar energy require low maintenance with low energy bills and manpower. The system is highly durable with a lifespan of 20 years this invariably saves time, energy and electrical bills.

Drip irrigation system

Clean and readily available energy

Everyone is gradually turning to clean forms of energy. Unlike conventional generators that emit harmful carbon monoxide, solar is very clean. Solar energy is readily available so long as there is sunlight.

Challenges of solar powered irrigation

Challenges facing farmers for solar powered irrigation include unawareness of alternate solutions. Others are knowledge or information gap and limited solar service providers. Others are theft of solar equipment and high cost solar powered irrigation system.

  • Lack of awareness of alternate solutions
  • Poor knowledge
  • Information gap
  • Limited solar service providers
  • Theft of solar equipment
  • High cost solar powered irrigation system


A small scale complete system includes 300 W panels and surface or submersible pump. Others are KWP solar panels, 3m high stand with controller. More are drip lines, installation, 1 drip irrigation system, borehole water source.

Small scale complete system

  1. 300 W panels
  2. Surface pump or submersible pump
  3. KWP solar panels
  4. 3m high stand with controller
  5. Drip lines
  6. Installation
  7. 1 drip irrigation system
  8. borehole


The cost depends on type of system, number of KWP solar panels. The farmer has a choice of motor pump either submersible or surface pump. Other parameters are soil type, quantity of water discharged, and depth of water source.

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