Guide on planting, growing and harvesting edamame. The botanical name of Edamame is Glycine max. It is a vegetable that requires full sun and loamy soil. The pH level is slightly acidic to neutral and hardness zones are 3, 4, 5, and 6,7,8,9.
The immature soybean pod is called edamame. The mature pod is used in many culinary and medicinal applications. A native of North America they are grown commercially or by hobbyist gardeners.
Ways to Eat Edamame
Edamame are tender green beans ideal for many culinary applications. Frozen steamed ones are peeled and eaten with salt. Shelled ones are ideal with rice split green beans are stir fried and others are added to salad.
Popular recipes are Edamame puree with chees on toast. Others are garlic edamame, edamame avocado dip.
Soy products might reduce bone loss and risk of prostate cancer. Other benefits include reduction of menopausal symptoms, reduce risk of breast cancer. It is rich in vitamin k1, thiamine, riboflavin 9-17%. Others are manganese 41 -51%, copper and iron.
• vitamin k1
• riboflavin 9-17%
• manganese 41 -51%
Types of Edamame
Recommended varieties of edamame are Owens, Envy, and Black Jet. Others are Agate and Manitoba Brown.
Owens are high yielding small verity while Manitoba has a rich taste. Agate has a buttery flavor while Envy has very short season. Black jet have rich flavor, mid-sized soybeans.
Varieties of Edamame
• Black Jet
Edamame requires full sun, well drained compost rich soil with temperature of 60 Fahrenheit. It has a long growth season, stands 3 feet tall and staking is not necessary.
Plant by setting seeds in rows 3 feet apart, 2 inches deep. To achieve a second harvest sow at different times about 2 weeks apart.
• They require full sun
• well drained
• compost rich soil
• temperature of 60 Fahrenheit
• long growth season
• stands 3 feet tall
• staking is not necessary
• Set seeds in rows 3 feet apart
• 2 inches deep
Weed appropriately and control soil moisture and temperature through mulching. Weeding should concentrate on the top layer of the soil to avoid damage to the roots. Water regularly to encourage flowering and pod production.
• Weed appropriately
• Control soil moisture
• Avoid damage to the roots
• Water regularly
Pests and Diseases that affect Edamame Production
There are several pest and diseases that affect edamame production. We have wild animals like deer, woodchucks and rabbits. Others are whiteflies, powdery mildew and Mexican bean beetles.
• Powdery mildew
• Mexican bean beetles
Harvesting should take place when edamame is plump, bright green and 3 inches long. The process involves snapping off the pods without damaging the plant. To preserve them store in airtight container and refrigerate.
To harvest dry soybeans the farmer needs to allow the leaves to dry out and turn brownish. The pod seed at this stage will rattle when you shake the pod.
Dry harvesting involves removing and hanging the entire plant in a dry dark area to achieve total pod dryness. The dried soybeans is then put in an airtight container and placed in a dry, cool, dark location.