Fri. Jun 24th, 2022
Diseases and Infection in Catfish

Catfish surfer from fungal, bacteria and parasitic infections. You need to spot and treat diseases, symptoms that manifests in different ways. Here are a few diseases and infections you might encounter while fish farming.

Cornybacteriosis symptoms are swelling of the head and bulging of the eyes. The treatments of this condition are OTC antibiotics like tetracycline and penicillin.

Fin rut is when the fish start having rugged and decaying skin. The farmer can use antibiotics on fin and tail and also check the ponds PH level.

Fish TB is a serious condition manifested by skin defects, weight loss, discoloration, loss in color, and inactivity, the illness is highly contagious, so remove the sick fish, get medication and disinfect the pond.

Fungus can cause cataract in the eye, sluggishness, loss of appetite, and bulging eyes. Other related conditions associated with fungus are white cotton like patches, excess mucus and reddish discoloration.

Chinodonella causes peeling skin and strained breadth including gill damage. Catfish can get Tumors which are swelling or distention of internal organs.

Catfish can get fungal infections because of the habitat they live. Fungal infections are not as deadly as bacteria infections but cause the fish a great deal of discomfort.

The infection can affect the growth rate, feeding and quality of your fish if not checked. Diseases and Infection in Catfish will manifest in different ways. the fish might have erratic behvior, darting movement, pale skin, red eyes.

1                     Erratic behavior are signs of fungal infection

2                     Darting and swimming erratically

3                     Cotton like stuff on its body

4                     Visible tufts on skin, eyes and mouth

How to Spot Bacteria Infection in Catfish

Catfish is prone to three types of infection namely bacteria infection, fungal infection and parasitic infections. All of the above if not treated and cause massive loss of stock.

Although catfish is very rugged they like any living thing can infected by many diseases. The type of infection we will deal with today is bacteria infection in catfish.

There a various types of bacteria infections which cause illness and damage to the fish. You can spot them if you are observant because many have physical manifestation on the fish.

Here are something’s you can watch out for.

Diseases and Infection in CatfishLoss of color; if your catfish looks odd among the stock then there is something wrong. A rapid loss of color could indicate bacteria infection.

Bloated body; the fish body might become bloated and reddish if infected.

Cloudy eyes; Cloudy eyes is a sure sign of bacteria infection

Abscesses and open sores; Open sore might be caused by bacteria or when the fish is bitten or attacked by other fish. Catfish are carnivores and they can kill each other out of dominance or when hungry.

Inflammation; Reddening and inflammation of the skin, fins or internal organs are another sure sign that the fish needs help.

Inactivity; catfish are by nature very active except after a heavy meal when they tend to float about languidly. A dull inactive fish over a period of three day might have an infection.

Difficulty breathing; difficulty in breathing indicates two things either the fish has a lung infection or the water is dirty and polluted.

Red streak; Red streak through out the body is a bad sign of infection and should be treated promptly.

Bulgy eyes; fish normally have either flat or bulgy eyes however if the eyes look to pronounced the fish is fighting an eye infection. This may affect the growth rate of the fish because they use sight to locate food.

Signs of bacteria infection are bulgy eyes, inflammation and reddening of the skin. Others are inactivity, cloudy eyes, bloated body, abscesses and sores including loss of color.

10 challenges facing catfish farmer

A comprehensive list of 21 Catfish Diseases

Catfish have many diseases but luckily many are treatable when detected early. Farmers should know the various types of diseases catfish get and apply proper treatment.

Many catfish diseases can be treated by the use of over the counter antibiotics, parasite medications and proper pond maintenance.

Here are a list of diseases and some symptoms.

1                    Ulcers-sluggishness lack of appetite

2                     Tumors-swelling both internal and external

3                     Swim bladder disease-difficulty in swimming

4                     Gold Dust disease- spots and weight loss

5                     Inflammation- reddened skin and abnormal behavior

6                     Bulgy eye disease- bulgy eyes

7                     Difficulty in swimming- air in the swim bladder

8                     Constipation. Abnormally long feces and swollen abdomen

9                     Ammonia poisoning – characterized by reddish gills struggling to breadth

10                 Black spot, red spots, cloudy eyes- May diseases cause these symptoms

11                 Trichodia parasite- red patches on skin

12                  Leech, brown lice- scratching, small worms on the fishes body

13                 Hole in head disease-

14                 Skin flukes, blood flagellates

15                 Anchor worms- small string worms, brownish skin

16                 True fungus-white cotton patches

17                 Mouth and body fungus-excess mucus, white patches

18                 Cataracts-fungus on the fishes eye

19                 Fish tuberculosis- weight loss, skin infection, loss in color

20                 Fin rot- decaying fin

21                 Swollen abdomen, grayish white skin

By Femi

webmaster with passion for good content

3 thoughts on “Spot and Treat Diseases and Infection in Catfish”
  1. How and where can I buy the Antibiotics to treat cat fish in a small pond.

    1. according to thefishsite “AQUAFLOR-CA1 is a Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) drug, meaning that users must receive a signed VFD order from a licensed veterinarian before obtaining the drug through normal feed-distribution channels. VFD is a category established by FDA in 1996 to help the agency more closely control new therapeutic products, primarily antimicrobials, and their use in food animal”
      Howver for relief from bacterial infections in fresh and salt water aquariums
      For infections of: fin and tail rot, Popeye, gill disease, dropsy, septicemia, secondary and internal infections
      For fresh and saltwater. check Fritz Maracyn Two – 24 Pack
      Country Of Origin: United States

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