Start a Commercial Duck Farming Business

Here is how to start a commercial duck farming business. Ducks are farmed for their delicious meat and eggs. The business is very lucrative and easy to accomplish. The meat, eggs are in high demand and appropriately priced.

There are many advantages to duck breeding. The business is practicable large and small scale. The amount of investment depends on the size and scope of the enterprise and less expensive than poultry farming.

Housing is basic and the birds are hardy and require low management. The birds adapt easily to the environment, require less space for growing and have shorter brooding period.

The birds grow fast in housing environment especially when fed nutritious food. Other traits are resistance to diseases and they eat a variety of food. The birds live long and attract good prices for their meat and eggs.

How to Start a Commercial Duck Farming Business

Duck Breeds

Domesticated ducks started from wild Mallards. Top duck breeds are the Black runner, Black Swedish, Buff and Blue Runner.

Others are the Chocolate runner, Cayuga, Jumbo Pekin and Fawn. We have the white runner, ground hybrid Pekin, Mallard and Pekin. Others include White layer, white Crested and Rouen.

Duck Breeds

  • Wild Mallards
  • Black runner
  • Black Swedish
  • Buff
  • Blue Runner
  • Chocolate runner
  • Cayuga
  • Jumbo Pekin
  • Fawn
  • White runner
  • Ground hybrid Pekin
  • Pekin
  • White layer
  • White Crested
  • Rouen

Feeding the Ducts

The birds need highly nutritional food and prefer wet food. However they will eat dry food when presented. Wet food is ideal if you want fertilized eggs and run a breeding program. The eggs are also larger and heavier.

Some viable food sources are shrimps, shells, fish and clams. Others foods include ground corn, cassava and sweet potatoes. They eat fungi, earthworms, weeds, algae, insects, maggots and snails.

More are rice bran, seaweed, banana peelings. They will also eat chicken layer mash and provide the ducklings with starter feed.

Food for Ducks

  • Shrimps
  • Shells
  • Fish
  • Clams
  • Ground corn
  • cassava
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Fungi, earthworms
  • Weeds
  • Algae
  • Insects
  • Maggots
  • Snails
  • Rice bran
  • Seaweed
  • Banana peelings


A quite environment is ideal for duck production because noise affects egg production and growth rate. This is because they are easily stressed and love to isolate themselves.

The land should have a clean natural environment ad pond. Include a perimeter fence to keep the birds in and predators out.  Predators to watch out for are hawks, turtles, foxes, owls and dogs.

Despite their wobbly walk they can cover a surprising long distances. Adult ducks require about 8 to 10 feet space. The land should have lots of shaded plants or shaded barn.

The birds should be locked up at night or you will probably lose a few. Ducts can grow in open pasture or barn setting. The barn setting allows proper handling of the birds.

Introduce layer cage system for poultry

Buying the Ducks

Stock your farm with ducklings because they are easy to handle. Grownup ducks are feisty and aggressive to strangers. Ducks are social birds and thrive in groups. Therefore buy at least 4 ducks or more for starters. There is some breeds ideal for meat production while others are good for egg production.


Ducks generally attract a healthy price in the market. Sell the birds at meat markets, supermarkets and restaurants. Sell directly to neighbors, food canteens and fast food outlets. Print flyers, posters and signboard. You can take out a small advertisement in local daily.

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