Avocado is regarded as a super fruit because of its many commercial applications and health benefits. They are rich in vitamins, E, C and A with 4 times the pectin in apple. Loaded with mono-saturated fatty acid and oleic acid that burns fat, reduces blood pressure.
Aphids are a real issue that affects avocado plants. Spray the plants to remove the pests. The plant thrives in sunny climates and temperatures lower than 48F is bad for the plant.
Health Benefits of Avocado
The fruit has high nutritious value, texture and flavor. Nutrients include potassium 14%, vitamin B5 14%, B6 13%, Folate 20%. Others are vitamin k, vitamin C vitamin E, B3, B1, iron, zinc and magnesium.
It has high quantity of potassium used to reduce kidney failure, stroke and blood pressure. It has loads of monounsaturated fat, fiber, low in triglyceride and cholesterol. The fat content increases antioxidant absorption, reduce osteoarthritis.
- reduce kidney failure
- blood pressure
- low in triglyceride
- low cholesterol
- reduce osteoarthritis
Top Producers of Avocado
Top producers of the fruit are United States of America, China and Mexico. Others include Guatemala, West India and New Zealand.
- United States of America- Southern California
- West India
- New Zealand
Types of Avocados
There are hundreds of avocados based on shape, size and skin type origin. There are also hybrids with different flavors, colors and textures.
Best ones are Fuerte, Hass varieties based on their rich flavor and oil content. Types of avocados are Pinkerton, Fuerte, Sharwil, Wurtz and Bacon. Others include Hass, Lamb-Hass, Reed, Gwen and Zutano.
This is a small to medium sized fruit that has a pear shape. The fruit has a slightly rough fleshy green skin with yellow dots. Average size and weight is 8 to 12 oz. Fuerte has rich flavor and oil content 12 to 17 percent.
Lamb hass is a large 10 to 18 oz pear that features a flat shoulder or flat top. The skin is slightly rough and finely pebbled.
Hass features an ovoid pear-like shape, tough leathery skin. It is a small to medium sized fruit, black or dark purple when ripe. The average size, weight is 5 to 12 oz with rich flavor and 18 to 22 percent oil content
Sharwil size and weight is 8 t0 20 oz and similar to Fuerte. It has a distinict oval shape, rough thin skin, dark green/green when ripened.
Bacon features an oval pear shape with a light green skin. The fruit is shiny and smooth and weighs 6 to 12 oz.
Wurtz is a pear that has a size and weight not exceeding 12 oz. they are small to medium with thin shiny skin. When ripe they have a dark green color with small seeds.
Pinkerton is a roundish medium sized pear that weighs 8 to 14 oz. they have a leathery, pliable skin.
Things to Consider before Growing Avocado
The things to consider before growing avocado are soil composition, temperature, sunlight. Others are planting season, seeding, watering, mulching.
- soil composition
- planting season
How to Grow Avocado Tree from Seed
This summer fruit is full of flavor and highly nutritious. To grow the plant the soil should be properly drained, plenty of sunshine. Start by carefully removing the pit and soak to wash clean.
Scrub of any fruit residues then remove brown skin on pit. Place the avocado pit the right way up with bottom in water. Take 4 toothpicks space and stick them evenly into the avocado.
The next step is to place the avocado seed half submerged in a glass of water. Change the water every week, and allow adequate sunlight. The pit dries out cracks and at the bottom a taproot would emerge. Keep taproot submerged, wet and within 2 months it will sprout.
Once the stem is 7 inches long cut to 4 inches to stimulate new growth. At 7 inches the second time plant in rich humus soil in a flowering pot. Make sure the soil is moist and water once a week.
At 14 inches tall pinch top 2 sets of leaves to encourage side shoots and leaves. Repeat process every 6 inches for newer leaves to develop. Commercial farmers can then replant them in the prepared field.
It takes 4 to 10 years to grow fruit based on the type and growing conditions. To control the outcome of fruits commercial growers use grafting method.
How to Plant Avocado
- Prepare the Seed
- Clean the pit
- Insert Toothpicks in pit
- Full cup with water
- Place the avocado pit upright in the water
- Change water twice a week
- Look out for the roots
- Wait for pit to sprout
- Water regularly
How to Plant the Avocado Tree
To plant the tree you need to select a location. Make sure the climatic conditions are ideal for avocado growth. Temperatures in the range of 60F to 85 F are ideal for growth.
The prepared soil should have good drainage and fertilize once a year. Then dig a narrow hole for the pit and avocado roots. Prune the sprout in your glass cup when it reaches 7 inches to encourage new branches and leaves.
Then remove the toothpick and plant the avocado seed by burying in the hole. Make sure half the avocado is exposed above the soils surface. This is to ensure the seeding truck does not rot.
Avoid overwatering or your leaves will die and turn yellow. However keep soil moist by watering the plant daily. Always allow the ground dry out before watering.
Once the tree grows it require very little maintenance.it takes over 12 years for fruiting but once they start you get them every year.
Mulch with bark, shredded tree bark, redwood back, coarse yard mulch, cocoa bean husks. Around the tree base spread 20 pounds of gypsum, 6 inches mulch.
Make sure the material is at least 8 inches from tree truck. Use nitrogen rich fertilizer or organic fertilizer.
Water the trees twice a week or anytime the ground is dry. Make sure the water is drained properly before watering them again.
Ideal soil composition is 6 PH and make sure the roots are well established in the soil. Best temperatute to grow the plants is 60F to 85F around March through June.