How to Grow Ginger
Here is how to start a ginger farm. Ginger is an herbaceous perennial in the family Zingiberaceae that bares yellowish flowers. Found in tropic forests it is used as a spice worldwide with many benefits. The plant is tropical and grows nicely in warm weather.
To start a farm you need good source of rhizomes. Other requirements are land, labor and marketing. The business is practicable full and part time. The amount of money depends on the size of the farm however small scale farmers require little funds.
Health Benefits of Ginger
People add ginger to their dishes as a spice or to add flavor. Ginger is used to treat, reduces inflammation, cholesterol, diabetes and health related issues.
Supplements that contain ginger reduces pain while ginger tea relives flu and colds. Other benefits include the tea relieving nausea, constipation, digestive issues.
• reduces inflammation
• reduce cholesterol
• reduce diabetes
• reduce pain
• relieve nausea
• relieve constipation
• relieve digestive issues
Nutritional Value of Ginger
Ginger consists of huge quantity of water, different minerals and vitamins. The nutritional value of 100 grams of the root are iron 1.1g, sodium 14mg, protein 3.57g, no sugar.
It has a total of 79 calories, 17.86 carbohydrate and 3.6g dietary fiber. It has 33mg potassium, 7.7mg vitamin C, vitamin B6, niacin, riboflavin. More are folate, zinc, magnesium and phosphorous.
Ginger is dried, crushed, pickled, steeped in boiling water used to thicken gravies and added to dishes. It is used in vegetable dishes, alongside other spices and drinks. Dried ones are used in tea, coffee, yogurt drinks or add to traditional medicine. It is a primary ingredient the carbonated beverage ginger beer.
Uses of Ginger
• steeped in boiling water
• thicken gravies
• added to dishes
• introduced in drinks
• used in tea, coffee
• yogurt drinks
• traditional medicine
• carbonated beverage ginger beer
• Ginger based products
Diseases and Pests
You can control bacteria causing diseases with the aid of biological agents. Use approved fungicides and practice good hygiene. Common diseases are cork rot, soft rot, leaf spot and bacteria wilt. Major pests include black beetle, worms, aphids, rodents and root knot nematodes.
• Cork rot
• Soft rot
• Leaf spot
• Bacteria wilt
• Black beetle
• Root knot nematodes
Things to consider before Planting Ginger
Things to consider before starting a farm are location, soil and climatic conditions. Others include site selection, land preparation seed rate. You need to source the plant, learn how to propagate, spacing the plant and weed control.
Others are proper irrigation, how to apply fertilizer, watering, pest control. Farmers also deploy crop rotation, harvesting, post- harvesting, drying, grading, preservation, packaging and marketing.
How to Start a Ginger Farm
• Site selection
• Land preparation
• Seed rate
• Source the product
• learn how to propagate
• Plant spacing
• Plant earthen
• weed control
• Proper irrigation
• How to apply fertilizer
• Pest control
• deploy crop rotation
• Post- harvesting
To start a ginger farm you need a business plan. Prepare a budget based on your business template. The budget should include land rent, land preparation and labor. Others are fertilizer, manure and sourcing planting material. The operational budget should estimate the total cost of the project.
Perfectly adapted to warm climate the rhizome has leafy stems with flower buds. The flowers are yellow and stem grows 3.5 feet tall.
The best time to grow ginger is just before the rainy season. The next step is to choose the right plant. The variety should be edible, organic and adapted to your geographical location. A good one to consider is Zingiber officinale.
Planting the Ginger
Prepare the Soil
The soil should be free of ground water and well drained. Use composite soil with PH level 0f 6. The location should be shady with only 5 hours direct sunlight exposure. Ideal soil temperature is 71F to 77F. Composite and add fertilizer to the soil to have a rich soil mix.
Cut the Rhizome
To plant cut the rhizome into small pieces. Make sure each piece consists of 3 or more eyes for better chance at sprouting.
Use a clean sanitized knife to reduce contamination. Cut each piece at least an inch wide and plant separately. Before planting allow them to dry for a week to form a protective callus over the cut area.
Some farmers first plant them in pots until they sprout. Plant the sprouting ginger 9 inches apart and 4 inches deep. To care for the plant keep soil damp and water immediately after planting.
Once the soil is dry wet appropriately avoid over watering to prevent rot. Water regularly until the plant germinates or sprouts. Slow growing ginger sprouts could be mulched and remove competing weeds. Reduce the water once you notice that the plant has turned yellow or dies.
It takes 7 to 8 months before the plant dies. Once the stem dies harvest by digging up the rhizome. Mature ginger has good aroma, flavor and taste. It is a tropical plant and grows well in such climates. If you stay in cold regions grow them indoors and control the temperature.
The market determines how it is processed. Make sure you wash to remove dirt, scrape and dry uniformly then store at 10c.
Select according to size, color before preservation. Preserve by boiling freshly peeled rhizomes according to market specification. The ginger is also sold fresh depending on the market demand.
Ginger is in high demand in the local and international market. You can sell locally or export the produce.
Build a website to attract both domestic and international buyers. Liaison with government institutions for international contacts, good source of plants. Use social media, online advertisement, newspaper publications.