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Technology to Increase Peanut Production

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Peanut production

Technology to increase peanut production is essential for bountiful farm yield. Technology available include irrigation, water management, and weeding, spacing use of herbicide. Introduce indigenous verity apply mulching, inter-cropping, fertilizer and cropping systems.

Things to consider in peanut production

  1. Acquisition of farm land
  2. Irrigation
  3. water management
  4. weeding
  5. spacing
  6. use of herbicide
  7. indigenous verity
  8. apply mulching
  9. inter-cropping
  10. fertilizer and cropping systems

Nutritional value

Nutritional value of peanut is carotene (fiber), Thiamine (minerals) and Niacin (protein). Others are fat, Riboflavin, Carbohydrates and energy.

Uses of peanut

Peanut is a great food source because it contains crude protein, lipids, oils and protein. Crude protein content is 7%, minerals 8%, lipids 2%. The kernel is processed into cooking oil, groundnut milk and other food applications. The shell perfect as insulating material, fertilizer mix, added to mulching material or bedding for poultry.

Food applications

  • cooking oil
  • groundnut milk
  • culinary

Peanut shell

  • insulating material
  • fertilizer mix
  • mulching material
  • bedding for poultry

Peanut Verities

There are huge number of peanut verities ideal for cultivation. To mention a few we have GG-6, GG-7, GG16, TKG-19A, AK-265, Kadiri-5JGN-3, and Gimar-3.

  • GG-6
  • GG-7
  • GG16
  • TKG-19A
  • AK-265
  • Kadiri-5
  • JGN-3
  • Gimar-3

Herbicides

Herbicides are deployed in peanut cultivation including integrated weeding for soil and pests management. Applicable herbicides at rate of kg a.i/ha is pre-emergence of plant use Pendimethalin, Oxyfluofen. Post-emergence use Quizalofop ethyl, imazethapyr

  • Pendimethalin
  • Oxyfluofen
  • Quizalofop ethyl
  • imazethapyr

Management technology

Farm management technology are crop rotation, weeding, mulching and crop spacing. Other practices include intercropping, effective land utilization, drainage system, inter-cultivation, effective water management, use of herbicides and hand weeding. Inter-cultivate 10 days after sprouts emerge hand weed 2o days and 35days days for proper farm management.

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Water and weed management

Evapotranspiration and soil type including rainfall and irrigation determine the water requirements of peanuts. Other technology to consider are sprinkler irrigation and drip irrigation systems. Water requirements of the crop is from 500 – 680mm depending if the soil is sandy loamy soil.

Effect of scheduled irrigation include better nodulation, good root system heavy flowering, and reduction of vegetative weeds.  Wedding is important to avoid competition with sprouts. Use pegging, manual or mechanical weeding to achieve goals.

Intercropping system

Depending on the area and soil type intercropping will increase farmer’s paycheck. Chose only crops common to the geographical location. Common crops used in intercropping are cotton, sorghum, red gram, castor, sesame, sunflower, pearl millet, cowpea, soybeans, maize, cassava.

Cropping system are peanut-millet, peanut-sorghum, peanut-sesame. Peanut –sesame, peanut-pearl millet and peanut-cotton. Seed rate for bunch peanut is 100kg/ha space 35cm x 10cm, runner spacing, 40cm x 10cm.

Intercropping

  • cotton
  • sorghum
  • red gram
  • castor
  • sesame
  • sunflower
  • pearl millet
  • cowpea
  • soybeans
  • maize
  • cassava

Cropping system

  • peanut-millet
  • peanut-sorghum
  • peanut-sesame
  • peanut –sesame
  • peanut-pearl millet
  • peanut-cotton

Water and weed management

Evapotranspiration and soil type including rainfall and irrigation determine the water requirements of peanuts. Other technology to consider are sprinkler irrigation and drip irrigation systems. Water requirements of the crop is from 500 – 680mm depending if the soil is sandy loamy soil.

Effect of scheduled irrigation

  • better nodulation
  • good root system
  • heavy flowering
  • reduction of vegetative weeds

Effect of scheduled irrigation include better nodulation, good root system heavy flowering, and reduction of vegetative weeds.  Wedding is important to avoid competition with sprouts. Use pegging, manual or mechanical weeding to achieve goals.

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