Tomato Seed Varieties in India
Tomatoes are short lived annual pubescent plants with uneven pinnate leaves. They are one of the most consumed herbs in the world. They are eaten raw, added to salad, made into stew/soups, added to dishes, grilled, smoked, boiled or fried.
India is a major tomato production nation with top producers in Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa, Assam and Maharashtra.
Most hybrids are fast growing with succulent juicy fruits. Some produce medium/large sized round firm 100g-140g, deep red fruits.
Some have yellow stem are ready to harvest in 80-160 days. Uniform ripening is a good determinant of hybrid choice. Most hybrids have light to dark green foliage.
General characteristics of seed varieties
- Mostly hybrids
- Fast growing
- They have succulent juicy fruits
- They produce medium to large sized fruits
- Average weight 100g-140g
- Common colors medium /deep red fruits
- Yellow or green stem
- Harvesting in 80-160 days
- Some have uniform ripening
- Light/dark foliage
Some Tomato Seed Varieties in India
Tomato verities in India are Pusa Ruby, Rajni, Vaishali, , Pusa Early Dwarf and Rupali. Released by IIHR Banglore, Hybrid are Arka Abha (BWR1), Arka Meghali, Arka Vikas(Sel22), Arka Saurabh (Sel-4), Arka Ashish(IIHR-674) and Arka Ahuti(Sel 11).
More by IIHR are Arka Abhijit, Arka Shreshta, Arka Vardan Released by IARI NEW Delhi are S-152, Roma, Marglobe, Best of All, Pusa 120.
Verities in India
- Pusa Ruby
- Pusa Early Dwarf
Released by IIHR Banglore
- Arka Abha (BWR1)
- Arka Meghali
- Arka Vikas(Sel22)
- Arka Saurabh (Sel-4)
- Arka Ashish(IIHR-674)
- Arka Ahuti (Sel 11)
- Arka Abhijit
- Arka Shreshta
- Arka Vardan
Released by IARI New Delhi
- S-152, Roma
- Best of All
- Pusa 120
- Here is Complete List of Different Types of Tomatoes
Tomato Seed Varieties in India and cultivation
Things to consider in tomato cultivation in India are soil type and climate. Others are tomato seed varieties, method of propagation.
Soil and climate
Perfect climate for tomato cultivation are temperatures 21C – 24 C. Temperatures below 10C will slows down growth while temperatures above 32 C affects fruit development.
They require medium to low rainfall and moderate humidity. Frost or high levels of humidity will kill the plant. Perfect soil conditions for maximum growth are ph. level 6-7 in rich organic soil.
Best season for planting is twice a year in June/July and subsequently in December. General practice is to start them in a nursery before transplanting to field. Use raised bed size 15m height, size 3 x 0.6 m distance between beds 70cm.
To guarantee reduced competition, weeding is important in early growth stage. Make sure to water appropriately, irrigate to remove any excess water and grow in natural organic rich soil. Once the raised soil is prepared treat the seeds with Thiram 2kg/seed, Trichoderma 4kg/seed then use 250g seed for 1 hectare.
Sow seeds 3cm depth and cover bed with dry straw for proper temperature control measure. Water appropriately and once they germinate and have 6 true leaves remove straw and transfer seed sprouts to field.
On the filed transplant the sprouts in the evening and keep field weed free to reduce competition. Apply light irrigation 4 days after transplanting and subsequently every week interval.
Tomatoes are good for intercropping with plants like okra, rice, maize, potatoes, radish or spinach. However avoid crop rotation and don’t forget to use staking to maintain fruit quality. Depending on the hybrid species use 120kgN-180kgN, 80 kg P2O5 – 100 kg P2 O5 and 50 kg K2O-60 kg K2 O per hectare.
If you are interested in tomatoes cultivation it is best to plant disease resistant, fast growing verity. Reach out to federal agricultural research institutions for information on best type for your location.