Sat. Jun 25th, 2022

Yam is eaten as a staple in many countries especially West Africa. It takes 5 to 6 months to grow fully in the soil and harvested when the leaves begin to dye. Top producers in West Africa are Benin, Nigeria and Ghana. Over 100 million tons of yam is harvested worldwide from China, India and Asian countries.


Yam tubers are starchy have sodium, potassium, dietary fiber and loaded with nutrients. It is primarily used in culinary applications or processed food. Ways to eat yam include boiling, frying, making into powder, ponded or dried. Old yam tastes better have long shelf life, easily refrigerated.

Ways to Eat Yam

Ways to eat yam is baked, grilled or boiled. Other methods include frying, pounding or cooking with other ingredients. Delicacies are yam portage, fried yam, pounded yam.

  • Baked
  • Grilled
  • Boiled
  • Fried
  • pounded

How to make Pounded Yam

Equipment needed to produce pounded yam is mortar, pestle, pot, cooker and knife. To make pounded yam you first select a tuber then cut into chucks, peel the back. Next step is to place the cut tubers in pot with water.

Once boiled remove them one at a time and place in mortar then pound with a pestle. A little water is added during the pounding process while the yam is scooped and turned occasionally.

The pounded yam is ready when the person attains good consistency devoid of lumps. As you can see this process is very tedious and challenging. However to produce pound yam with flour simply poured it into water then bring to boil and stir.

Yam Flour Production

A delicacy in western part of Nigeria is pounded yam. Pounded yam making is labor intensive because it requires manually pounding the yam. Food companies interested in this industry have produced an alternative.

Food packaging companies have produced yam flour as an alternative to traditional methods of producing pounded yam. Since there are many types of yam the company have to select the right specie.

Economic Value of Pounded Yam

The product has good economic value for food processing companies. Yam flour attracts premium price with huge local and international markets. It offers easy solution with abundant raw materials for production. The production process is relatively easy with basic equipment. An investor is guaranteed huge returns on investment.


There are a few considerations before producing the flour. You need to know the production process and type of machinery. Others are registering the company, acquiring a NAFDAC number, value added tax, insurance. There are also health and safety requirements.


Machinery to consider includes grating and slicing equipment. Others are weighing equipment, milling, washing and packaging. other inventory are nose masks, work gloves, standby generating set, labeling equipment, water storage tank and operational vehicle.

Yam Flour Production Equipment

  • Sieve
  • Grating
  • slicing equipment
  • weighing equipment
  • milling
  • washing
  • packaging
  • inventory
  • nose masks
  • work gloves
  • standby
  • generating set
  • labeling equipment
  • water storage tank
  • operational vehicle

Production Process of Yam Flour

Production process start from buying quality yam. Then the yam is washed to remove sand and dirt. Tubers is peeled then cut or sliced and grated. It is then milled into granules and sieved into fine flour powder.

Finally the yam flour is packaged into water tight nylon and branded. Information on the package should include date of manufacturer, NAFDAC number, expiring date and address of company.

Finally the yam flour is packaged into water tight nylon and branded. Information on the package should include date of manufacturer, NAFDAC number, expiring date and address of company.

The process

  1. buy quality yam
  2. wash to remove dirt
  3. peel tuber
  4. cut or sliced
  5. grate
  6. mill
  7. sieved
  8. package


Sell the packaged product in departmental stores, supermarkets and malls. Sell in open market, small hold stores, and wholesale/retail outlets. Sell online through a dedicated online store

Integrated Agriculture System

By Femi

webmaster with passion for good content